Answer :

It is given that f: R → {x ∈ R : – 1 < x < 1} defined by , x ∈ R

Now, suppose that f(x) = f(y), where x,y ϵ R.

We can see that if x is positive and y is negative, then we get:

Since, x is positive, and y is negative.

Then, 2xy ≠ x –y.

Thus, the case of x being positive and y being negative can be ruled out.

Similarly, x being negative and y being positive can also be ruled out.

Therefore, x and y have to be either positive or negative.

When x and y are both positive, we get:

f(x) = f(y)

And when x and y are both negative, we get:

f(x) = f(y)

⇒ f is one- one.

Now, let y ϵ R such that -1 < y < 1.

It y is negative, then there exists such that

⇒ f is onto.

Therefore, f is one – one and onto.

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