NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry

NCERT - Chemistry Part-I

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry can help you regain your confidence in the subject as Goprep's NCERT solutions are solved in easiest and shortest way possible. Why count on our NCERT solutions for Class 12 Chemistry? Our solutions include detailed explanations on topics for all 14 chapters from the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry textbook Part-1. Further, important problems and their accurate solutions are given which can help you prepare for Board exam thoroughly.

Our CBSE 12th Class Chemistry Solutions not only help students prepare for board exam but also play a pivotal role in the preparation of Engineering and Medical entrance exams. Moreover, using these CBSE 12th Class Chemistry solutions, you can revise the whole syllabus in quick time.

For chapter wise solutions for Class 12 Chemistry questions, you can browse the given below links.

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solutions - All Chapters

Chemistry is an important subject in CBSE Class 12th boards. It mainly comprises of organic, inorganic and physical elements of Chemistry. Therefore, preparing for the board exams along with competitive exams can take its toll on students. So, it is important to prepare for the subject properly by taking help of best study material.

Our NCERT Solutions for Class 12 are prepared by the qualified and expert Chemistry teachers in sync with the recent syllabus of CBSE. These solutions are developed to help students enhance their problem-solving skills and tackle each question more effectively and efficiently.

Benefits of using NCERT Solutions for Class 12th Chemistry

  • Help in clearing all the concepts learned in a chapter
  • These solutions help you familiarize with different questions that may come in the exam.
  • Enable you to practice all types of questions which can help you succeed in the examination
  • You can improve your question solving accuracy and speed as well.
  • Prepared by our subject experts in sync with recent CBSE syllabus
  • Formulas and theorems are explained, illustrated and in a proper manner.
  • Help in enhancing conceptual clarity through the practise of questions given at the end of the chapter.

Once you complete all NCERT solutions of Class 12 Chemistry textbook, you can give your preparation a solid boost by solving previous year question papers of Class 12 chemistry. We have provided the link for Chemistry question papers below:

CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Solved Question Papers
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2019
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Question Paper 2018 
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Previous Year Question Papers

NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solutions (Chapter-wise Summary)

In class 12, every subject should be given equal importance if you want to score excellent aggregate. Alongside Maths, Chemistry is the most scoring subject in class 12 and require your utmost attention. With the help of our chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry, you can attempt all the questions without fail. 

Check out the chapter-wise explanation for NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solutions below:

Chapter 1: Solid State

The first chapter of the book will enable you to classify solids into crystalline and amorphous solids. You will later discover that crystalline solids are further classified into four categories. Bravais gave 14 three-dimensional lattices, which can be differentiated based on the measure of the angle between their faces and the relative proportion of the sides. 

In the latter half of the chapter, you will study various defects in lattices. Finally, you will learn to distinguish between conductors, semiconductors, and insulators based on their magnetic properties. 

Chapter 2: Solutions

The second chapter of the book ‘Solutions’ will include familiar topics from earlier classes, which you will study in-depth. In this chapter, you will also study the effect of pressure on the solubility of a gas, Raoult’s law, characteristics of an ideal solution etc. 

At times, you may come across difficulties in finding an accurate answer for a question. At that time, you can refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter-2 ‘Solutions’ for better understanding.  

Chapter 3: Electrochemistry

In this chapter, you will delve deeper into the concepts of electrochemistry where you will study about electrochemical cells and galvanic cells. Further, you will learn to calculate the standard emf of a cell. Besides, you will revisit the important definitions from previous classes such as resistance, resistivity, conductance, specific conductance, molar conductance etc. 

Finally, you will study Kohlrausch law, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis, a battery and its types.

Chapter 4: Chemical Kinetics

Chemical Kinetics is the branch of chemistry where you will study factors affecting the rate of reaction and mechanism involved in various chemical reactions. In this chapter, you will also learn different order of reactions- zero order, first order and second order, depending upon the sum of powers of concentration terms. 

In the latter half of the chapter, you will learn to derive the expression for half-life period. On the brink of conclusion, you will be introduced to two important theories of reaction rates- collision theory and transition state theory. 

Chapter 5: Surface Chemistry

In Chapter-5 Surface Chemistry, you will study the process of adsorption and how it is different from the process of absorption. Based on the type of atomic force involved, adsorption is classified into physical and chemical adsorption. In the later part of the chapter, you will get to know some important theories- Freundlich adsorption isotherm and Langmuir adsorption isotherm. 

Important terminologies of this chapter include catalyst, biological catalysts, colloids, emulsions etc. 

Chapter 6: General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements

Chapter- 6 includes various terminologies from earlier classes, such as minerals, ores, the process of metallurgy, refining, chromatography etc. Our NCERT 12th Chemistry solutions will provide you with detailed and precise information about all these basic terminologies. 

Chapter 7: The p-Block Elements

Inorganic chemistry is a vital part of class 12 chemistry syllabus and requires daily practise, especially when you have a few days left before the exam. The p-Block elements comprise group 15 elements (nitrogen family), group 16 elements, group 17 elements (halogens), and group 18 elements (the noble gases). 

Chapter 8: The d- and f- Block Elements

The d-Block elements are found between s-block and p-block elements in the periodic table. The d-Block elements are also called transition elements ,whereas the f-block elements are alternatively called inner-transition elements. In the last topic of this chapter, you will study the properties of lanthanides and actinides. 

Chapter 9: Coordination Compounds

The title of the chapter itself indicates the logic behind the formation of compounds. Each central atom in a compound maintains coordination with a suitable number of anions or neutral molecules. Further, the chapter will introduce you to the types of isomerism shown by coordination compounds. 

Later, you will study the assumptions made in crystal field theory and its drawbacks. Before the chapter meets its conclusion, you will be able to enlist the importance and applications of coordination compounds. 

Chapter 10:
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes 

In this chapter, you will learn about the composition of haloalkanes and haloarenes in which halogen atoms occupy the central position. As you proceed, you will get to know different methods for preparation of haloalkanes and haloarenes. 

The chemical reactions of haloalkanes and important terminologies such as freons and chloroform are highlights of this chapter. 

Chapter 11:
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers 

In this chapter, you will learn about the classification of alcohols, phenols and ethers. Next, you will study the stepwise procedure for preparing alcohols from alkenes and carbonyl compounds. Likewise, this chapter also consists of the preparation processes of phenols and ethers. In the end, you will study the physical and chemical properties of alcohols, ethers and phenols. 

Chapter 12:
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids 

Carbonyl compounds are a group of organic compounds consisting of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids and their derivatives as functional groups. As you proceed further, you will get to know methods of preparation of aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids. 

Chapter 13:

Amines are a group of elements that are obtained from the derivatives of ammonia. Amines can be classified as primary, secondary or tertiary based on the number of alkyl groups replacing the hydrogen atoms. Later, you will learn about six different methods of preparation of amines. Other topics of this chapter include chemical properties of diazonium group and importance of diazonium salts. 

Chapter 14:

In chapter 14, you will study an important class of compounds ‘Carbohydrates’ and its types based on their behaviour on hydrolysis and taste. The list of topics in this chapter include Fisher projection for D- and L-glucose, anomers, mutarotation, pyranose structure, inversion of sugar etc. 

Besides, there are various important terminologies, such as cellulose, starch, denaturation, enzymes, vitamins, and nucleic acids. Go through our NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry Chapter-14 to learn question-answers of this chapter. 

Chapter 15:

In NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry chapter-15 Polymers, you will study the definition of a polymer and delve deeper into its concepts. Further, you will study the classification of polymers based on the source, the structure of polymers, the mode of polymerisation, and molecular forces. 

In the latter half of the chapter, you will learn two broad types of polymerisation reaction. Basic terminologies that are part of this chapter include copolymerisation, natural rubber, vulcanisation of rubber, and biodegradable polymers. 

Chapter 16:
Chemistry in Everyday Life 

The last chapter of this book will tell you about the importance of chemistry in everyday life. NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Solutions for chapter-16 include solved questions based on drugs, antacids, antihistamines, tranquilizers, analgesics, antibiotics, and many more day-to-day chemicals. 

Later, you will learn about the importance of artificial sweeteners and food preservatives. Finally, you will find questions related to soaps and detergents. 

Our chapter-wise NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Chemistry will help you prepare for the exam in an efficient and easier manner. Make sure that you practise all NCERT Chemistry textbook questions before you jump into a reference book. After you have completed your preparation from mentioned books, you must solve CBSE Class 12 Chemistry previous year question papers. 


Frequently Asked Questions

  • How to study for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Board exam?

    NCERT 12th Chemistry book includes 16 chapters in total. According to the latest CBSE exam pattern, Organic Chemistry carries the maximum weightage of 28 marks. Physical and Inorganic Chemistry sections carry the weightage of 23 and 19 marks, respectively. 

    Therefore, you should emphasise more on practicing conversions and reactions of Organic Chemistry. For Inorganic section, you will be required to learn the reactions associated with s-, p-, d-, and f-Block elements. The first 4 chapters of the CBSE 12th Chemistry textbook are of Physical Chemistry, which consists of questions based on concepts of Electrochemistry, Surface Chemistry, and Chemical Kinetics.

  • How to study for CBSE Class 12 Organic Chemistry?

    Follow the preparation tips for 12th Organic Chemistry given below. 

    • Strengthen your core concepts from 12th NCERT Chemistry book.
    • View chapter-wise NCERT Class 12 Solutions for Chemistry to learn the step-by-step method for better understanding. 
    • As per the CBSE Class 12th Chemistry Previous Year Question Papers, 80-90% of the question paper contains problems from NCERT Chemistry textbook. 
    • Practice all examples, in-text, and exercise questions present in the textbook. 
    • After you have completed your syllabus, you must remember all the reactions at the tip of your fingers.
  • How to score 100 marks in Class 12 CBSE Chemistry exam?

    When it comes to scoring full marks in any Class 12 subject, Chemistry is the easiest among all Science subjects. You must study the notes, solve different numerical problems in Physical Chemistry, and practice reactions in Organic and Inorganic Chemistry regularly. 

    Ask doubts from our expert faculty by uploading the screenshot of questions by clicking on the camera icon on our homepage (you can find the link adjacent to the search bar at top of the homepage). Once your doubts are resolved, try attempting questions of the same concept by your own. Track your performance by attempting sample papers and CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Previous Year Question Papers.

  • How to do conversions in 12th Chemistry?

    Refer to the NCERT 12th Chemistry textbook to learn the conditions used for solving the conversion such as catalysts, added compounds, byproducts, etc. We recommend you to practice extra questions from reference books if you wish to score high marks in Organic Chemistry.

  • How to learn reactions in Class 12 Chemistry?

    Inorganic Chemistry is all about reactions and those get confusing to remember at times. You can remember the reactions for long by making flow charts.