# NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths

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NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Maths consist of chapter-wise solutions for all 16 chapters of the textbook. NCERT Class 11 Maths Solutions will not only help you resolve your doubts but also make you understand even the most complex topics. Goprep's mathematics experts have solved the questions using simplest and relevant methods, which will make your exam preparation a lot easier.

Apart from NCERT Solutions, we have also provided the list of topics and formulas for each chapter of NCERT Class 11 Maths textbook. If you find our solutions helpful, then you should also share the link of solutions with your classmates so that they can also resolve their doubts and score good marks. Below, we have provided links to chapter-wise solutions for Maths textbook.

## NCERT Class 11 Maths Solutions - All Chapters

Class 11th

Goprep’s CBSE NCERT 11 Maths Solutions give students an edge to deal with difficult questions. These solutions not only help students in their exam preparation, but also assist students in competitive exams such as JEE, VIT, and BITS. Our CBSE NCERT solutions are prepared in sync with the understanding level of the students, which enable students to practice regularly and develop mastery over a specific topic.

Class 11 Maths NCERT Solutions systematically include the detailed solutions for all 16 chapters that are the part of Maths syllabus. Each topic within the 16 chapters is explained step-by-step to make learning simpler and quicker. Browse the chapter-wise solutions for Class 11th Maths by clicking the above-given links.

## NCERT Class 11 Maths Solutions (Chapter-wise description)

### Chapter 1: Sets

Introduction: In the first chapter of NCERT Class 11 Maths textbook “Sets”, you will learn to study the geometrical shapes, sequences, probability, etc. using the concept of set. The idea behind this concept is that we often speak of collections of objects in daily life such as a pack of cards, a group of students etc. Georg Cantor, a German mathematician in his theory, termed such collection of objects as sets.

Topics-

• Empty set
• Finite and infinite set
• Equal set
• Subsets
• Power set
• Union and intersection of two sets
• Complement of a subset

Important Formulas of Set

1. In the case of two sets A and B,
(A ∪ B)’ = A’ ∩ B’ and (A ∩ B)’ = A’ ∪ B’

2. If A and B are finite sets such that A ∩ B = ϕ, then
n (A ∪ B) = n (A) + n (B)

3. If A ∩ B ≠ ϕ, then
n (A ∪ B) = n (A) + n (B) – n (A ∩ B)

### Chapter 2: Relations and Functions

Introduction:In chapter 2 “Relations and Functions”, you will learn to form pairs of objects from two sets and introduce relations between the objects in the pair. To master this chapter completely, you must have basic conceptual knowledge of chapter-1 sets. After a thorough understanding of relations, you will study special relations called functions.

Topics-

• Ordered pair
• Cartesian product
• Relations
• Image of an element
• Domain of a relation
• Range of a relation
• Function
• Domain and codomain
• Real function
• Algebra of functions

Important Formulas of Relations and Functions

1. Cartesian product

A × B of two sets A and B can be represented as-A × B = {(a, b): a ∈ A, b ∈ B}

In particular,

R × R = {(x, y): x, y ∈ R}and R × R × R = (x, y, z): x, y, z ∈ R}

2. Some key concepts

• If (a, b) = (x, y), then a = x and b = y.
• If n(A) = p and n(B) = q, then n(A × B) = pq.
• A × φ = φ
• In general, A × B ≠ B × A

3. Algebra of functions

For functions f : X → R and g : X → R, we have

• (f + g) (x) = f (x) + g(x), x ∈ X
• (f – g) (x) = f (x) – g(x), x ∈ X
• (f.g) (x) = f (x) .g (x), x ∈ X
• (kf) (x) = k ( f (x) ), x ∈ X, where k is a real number.
• ( f / g ) (x) = f (x)/g (x), x ∈ X, g(x) ≠ 0

Chapter 3: Trigonometric Functions

Introduction: Trigonometry is no longer an unfamiliar topic, as you have already studied its basic concepts in Class 10. So far, you have learnt trigonometric ratios of an acute angle, the trigonometric ratio of the sides of a right-angled triangle, trigonometric identities and its applications. In NCERT Class 11 Maths textbook, you will be able to extend the definition of trigonometric ratios to any angle in terms of radian measure.

Topics-

• Relation between radian and real numbers
• Relation between radian and degree
• Trigonometric functions
• Domain and range of trigonometric functions
• Trigonometric Functions of Sum and Difference of Two Angles
• Trigonometric Equations

Important Formulas of Trigonometric Functions

1. Radian measure = π/ 180 × Degree measure
2. Degree measure = 180/ π × Radian measure
3. cos²x + sin²x = 1
4. 1 + tan² x = sec² x
5. 1 + cot²x = cosec² x
6. cos (2nπ + x) = cos x
7. sin (2nπ + x) = sin x
8. sin (– x) = – sin x
9. cos (– x) = cos x
10. cos (x + y) = cos x cos y – sin x sin y
11. cos (x – y) = cos x cos y + sin x sin y
12. cos (x + y) = cos x cos y – sin x sin y
13. cos (x – y) = cos x cos y + sin x sin y
14. cos ( π/ 2 − x ) = sin x
15. sin ( π/ 2 − x ) = cos x
16. sin (x + y) = sin x cos y + cos x sin y
17. sin (x – y) = sin x cos y – cos x sin y

Some more important formulas

• sin (π/2 + x ) = cos x
• cos (π/2 + x ) = – sin x
• cos (π – x) = – cos x
• cos (π – x) = – cos x
• cos (π + x) = – cos x
• sin (π + x) = – sin x
• cos (2π – x) = cos x
• sin (2π – x) = – sin x

19. If angle (x), (y) and (x ± y) are not odd multiples of π/2, then

• tan (x + y) = tan x + tan y/ 1 - tan x tan y
• tan (x - y) = tan x - tan y/ 1 + tan x tan y

20. If angle (x), (y) and (x ± y) are multiples of π, then

• cot (x + y) = cot x cot y - 1/ cot y + cot x
• cot (x - y) = cot x cot y + 1/ cot y - cot x

21. cos 2x = cos² x – sin² x = 2cos²x – 1 = 1 – 2 sin² x = 1 - tan²x / 1 + tan²x
22. sin 2x = 2 sin x cos x = 2 tan x/ 1 + tan ²x
23. tan 2x = 2 tan x/ 1 - tan ²x
24. sin 3x = 3sinx – 4sin³ x
25. cos 3x = 4cos³ x – 3cos x
26. 2cos x cos y = cos ( x + y) + cos ( x – y)
27. – 2sin x sin y = cos (x + y) – cos (x – y)
28. 2sin x cos y = sin (x + y) + sin (x – y)
29. 2 cos x sin y = sin (x + y) – sin (x – y).

### Chapter 4: Principle of Mathematical Induction

Introduction: In this chapter, you will learn deductive reasoning, which is a key aspect of scientific reasoning. The deduction is referred to as converting a general case to a particular case. On the other hand, induction can be defined as a generalization from particular cases or facts.

Topics-

• Deduction
• Induction
• Principle of induction

### Chapter 5: Complex Number and Quadratic Equations

Introduction: In NCERT Class 10 Maths book, you have already studied linear equations in one and two variables and quadratic equations in one variable. This year, we will extend the real number system to a larger system. In mathematics, a complex number is said to be number in the form of a + ib, where (a) and (b) are real numbers.

Topics-

• Complex numbers
• Algebra of complex numbers
• The Modulus and the Conjugate of a Complex Number
• Argand Plane and Polar Representation

Important Formulas of Complex Number and Quadratic Equations

1. Let z₁ = a + ib and z₂ = c + id. Then

• z₁ + z₂ = (a + c) + i (b + d)
• z₁ z₂ = (ac – bd) + i (ad + bc)

2. To find the solutions of the quadratic equation ax² + bx + c = 0, where a, b, c ∈ R, a ≠ 0, b2 – 4ac < 0, x is given by

x = -b ± √4ac - b²i/ 2a

### Chapter 6: Linear Inequalities

Introduction: In earlier NCERT Maths textbooks, you built your concepts based on equations in one variable and two variables. Also, you deduced complex statement problems to simple equations. Now the question arises, is it always possible to convert a statement into an equation? Get to know whether it is possible or not in NCERT Maths Class 11 textbook.

Topics-

• Inequalities
• Algebraic Solutions of Linear Inequalities in One Variable and their Graphical Representation
• Graphical Solution of Linear Inequalities in Two Variables
• Solution of System of Linear Inequalities in Two Variables

### Chapter 7: Permutations and Combinations

Introduction: Permutations and Combinations will introduce you to a few basic techniques, which will allow you to determine the different ways of arranging and selecting objects. Statement problems of this chapter are entirely based on the fundamental principle of counting. P & C is the easiest chapter featured in NCERT Class 11 Maths syllabus.

Topics-

• Fundamental principle of counting
• Permutations
• Combinations
• Theorems based on permutations and combinations

Important Formulas of Permutations and Combinations

1. nPr = n!/ (n-r)!, 0 ≤ r ≤ n (For permutation)
2. nCr = n!/ r! (n-r)!, 0 ≤ r ≤ n (For combination)

### Chapter 8: Binomial theorem

Introduction: In earlier NCERT textbooks, you learnt the method to find the squares and cubes of binomials like a + b and a - b. Using the method, you could easily solve the numerical values of numbers like (98)², (999)³ etc. However, it was not possible to find the values of numbers with higher powers like (98)⁵, (101)⁶ etc. This academic session, you will be able to calculate such values using a theorem based on repeated multiplication.

Topics-

• Binomial Theorem for Positive Integral Indices
• Pascal’s Triangle
• General and Middle Terms

### Chapter 9: Sequences and Series

Introduction: A sequence can be termed as a collection in an ordered manner where it has an identified 1st member, 2nd member, 3rd member, and so on. For example, the population of human beings at different times, the amount of money deposited in a bank, etc. In chapter 9, you will revisit topics from earlier NCERT textbooks such as arithmetic progression (A.P) and geometric progression (G.P), etc. Besides, you will study new topics which are mentioned below.

Topics-

• Sequences
• Series
• Arithmetic progression
• Geometric progression
• Arithmetic mean
• Geometric mean
• Relationship between A.M. and G.M.

Important Formulas of Sequences and Series

1. To find the nth term of the A.P

an = a + (n-1)d

2. To find the sum of first n terms of an A.P

Sn = n/2. [2a + (n-1)d] = n/2. (a+l)

3. The arithmetic mean of two numbers a and b = (a + b)/ 2

4. To find the sum of first n terms of a G.P

Sn = a (rn - 1)/ (r-1) or a (1 - rn)/ (1 - r), if r ≠ 1

5. The geometric means of any two positive numbers a and b = √ab, where a, G, b is G.P.

### Chapter 10: Straight Lines

Introduction: You are already familiar with two-dimensional coordinate geometry which was covered in NCERT Class 10 Maths syllabus. The topics that were covered in the previous Class were coordinate axes, coordinate plane, the distance between two points, section formulae, etc. apart from these basic concepts, you also studied a few important formulae. In NCERT Class 11 Maths textbook, you will study the properties of straight line. Most importantly, you will learn to represent the line algebraically.

Topics-

• Slope of a line
• Various Forms of the Equation of a Line
• General Equation of a Line
• Distance of a Point From a Line

Important Formulas of Straight Lines

1. Slope of a line (m) passing through the points (x1 , y1) and (x2, y2) = (y2- y1)/ (x2- x1 ) = (y1- y2)/ (x1 - x2), x1 ≠ x2

2. If a line forms an angle with the positive direction of the x-axis, then the slope of the line is given by- m = tan α, α ≠ 90°

3. Equation of the line passing through the points (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) can be expressed as

y - y1= (y2- y1)( x - x1)/ ( x2- x1)

4. A line with coordinate (x, y) with slope (m) and y-intercept (c) lies on the line only if y = mx + c

5. A line with slope (m) and x-intercept (d) lies on the line only if y = m(x - d)

6. An equation of a line having intercept a and b on x- and y-axis can be expressed as (x/a) + (y/b) = 1

### Chapter 11: Conic Sections

Introduction: In chapter 11 “Conic Sections” of NCERT Class 11th Maths Solutions, you will study equations of curved shapes such as circles, ellipses, hyperbola and parabola. Apollonius, a great mathematician, called such curved shapes as conic sections. These conic sections can be obtained by the intersection of a plane with a double-napped right circular cone. These curves find its applications in various fields such as the design of telescopes and antennas, planetary motion, reflectors in flashlights, etc.

Topics-

• Sections of a Cone
• Parabola
• Ellipse
• Hyperbola

Important Formulas of Conic Sections

Circle

A circle with centre (h,k) and the radius r can be represented as-(x – h)2 + (y – k)2= r2

Parabola

A parabola with focus (a,0), where a>0 and directrix x= -a can be expressed in the form as-y2= 4ax

Ellipse

• An ellipse with foci on the x-axis can be written in the form of-x2/a2+ y2/b2= 1
• To find the length of the latus rectum of the ellipse x2/a2+ y2/b2= 1 ,the expression is given below-Length of latus rectum = 2b2/a

Hyperbola

• A hyperbola with foci on the x-axis can be represented in the form of the equation as follows:x2/a2- y2/b2= 1
• To find the length of the latus rectum of the hyperbola x2/a2- y2/b2= 1, the expression is given below-Length of latus rectum = 2b2/a

### Chapter 12: Introduction to Three Dimensional Geometry

Introduction: In NCERT Class 10 Maths syllabus, you have already covered the basic concepts of two-dimensional geometry, including coordinate axes and coordinates of the point with respect to the axes. In this chapter, you will be able to extend your knowledge of coordinate geometry by studying the coordinates of the point with respect to the three coordinate planes.

Topics-

• Coordinate Axes and Coordinate Planes in Three Dimensional Space
• Coordinates of a Point in Space
• Distance between Two Points
• Section Formula

Important Formulas of Three Dimensional Geometry

1. The distance between two points P (x1, y1, z1) and Q (x2, y2, z2) can be expressed as- √(x2- x1)2 + (y2- y1)2+ (z2- z1)2

2. The coordinates of the point R when divides the line segment joining two points P (x1, y1, z1) and Q (x2, y2, z2) both internally and externally in the ratio m:n, then, they are given by-

• [(mx2+ nx1)/ (m + n), (my2+ ny1)/ (m + n), (mz2+ nz1)/ (m + n)] and
• [(mx2- nx1)/ (m - n), (my2- ny1)/ (m - n), (mz2- nz1)/ (m - n)]

3. The coordinates of the mid-point of the line segment joining two points P (x1, y1, z1) and Q (x2, y2, z2) are given by-

[(x1+ x2)/2, (y1+ y2)/2, (z1+ z2)/2]

4.To find the coordinates of the centroid of a triangle with vertices (x1, y1, z1), (x2, y2, z2) and (x3, y3, z3), use the following expressions.

[(x1+ x2+ x3)/3, (y1+ y2+ y3)/3, (z1+ z2+ z3)/3]

### Chapter 13: Limits and Derivatives

Introduction: “Limits and derivatives” is one of the most important chapters of NCERT Class 11 Maths from the exam point of view. This chapter will introduce you to calculus (integration), which involves the study of change in the value of a function with respect to change in domain. As you delve deeper into the chapter, you will study the algebra of limits and derivatives. Finally, you will learn to obtain derivatives of certain functions.

Topics-

• Intuitive Idea Of Derivatives
• Limits
• Limits Of Trigonometric Functions
• Derivatives
• Algebra Of Derivatives Of Functions
• Derivative Of Polynomials And Trigonometric Functions

Important Formulas of Limits and Derivatives

1. Different operations for functions f and g are given below:

• lim (x→a) [f (x) ± g (x)] = lim (x→a) f (x) ± lim (x→a) g (x)
• lim (x→a) [f (x). g (x)] = lim (x→a) f (x). lim (x→a) g (x)
• lim (x→a) [f (x)/ g (x)] = lim (x→a) f (x) / lim (x→a) g (x)

2. Standard limits

• lim (x→a) [(x n - a n )/ (x - a) = n a (n-1)
• lim (x →0) [Sin x/ x] = 1
• lim (x →0) [1 - cos x/ x] = 0

3. Derivative of a function f at a can be expressed as-

F’ (a) = lim (h →0) [ {f (a + h) - f (a)}/ h]

4. Derivative of a function f at x can be expressed as-

F’ (x) = lim (h →0) [ {f (x + h) - f (x)}/ h]

5. For functions u and v, use the following equations:

• ( u ± v)’ = u’ ± v’
• (uv)’ = u’v + uv’
• (u/v)’ = u’v - uv’ / v2

### Chapter 14: Mathematical Reasoning

Introduction: As the title of the chapter suggests, you will learn a few basic ideas of mathematical reasoning. Human beings are considered superior to other species due to their ability to reason. How well can you use the power of reasoning? How to develop this power? You will get answers to all such questions in the context of mathematics.

Topics-

• Statements
• New Statements from Old
• Compound Statement
• Special Words/Phrases
• Implications
• Validating Statements

### Chapter 15: Statistics

Introduction: Statistics is another familiar topic and a mainstay in NCERT Maths books from Classes 6 to 11. Earlier, you have understood the basic concepts of statistics such as the representation of data in graphical and tabular form, finding a representative value for the given data, etc.

In Class 11, you will revisit three measures of central tendency, including mean (average), median and mode. Further, you will study a measure of dispersion and their methods of calculation for ungrouped and grouped data.

Topics-

• Measures of Dispersion
• Range
• Mean Deviation
• Variance and Standard Deviation
• Analysis of Frequency Distributions

Important Formulas of Statistics

Mean deviation for ungrouped data (MD) can be found out using-

• 𝛔2 = h2/ N2. [ N ∑fiyi2 - (∑ fi yi)2]
• 𝛔 = h/ N . √[ N ∑fiyi2- (∑ fi yi)2] , where yi = xi - A/ h

### Chapter 16: Probability

Introduction: Alongside statistics, the probability is another common topic found in NCERT Maths textbooks. Previously, we studied that the probability is a measure of uncertainty of various phenomena. In Class 9, you learnt to find the probability based on the observations and collected data.

In NCERT Class 11 Maths, you will revisit a few basic terms of probability from earlier Classes such as random experiment, sample space, events, etc. Besides, you will also learn new topics which are given below.

Topics

• Random Experiments
• Event
• Axiomatic Approach to Probability

Important Formulas of Probability

1. For a finite sample space with equally likely outcomes, probability of an even will be given by-

P (A) = n (A)/ n (S), where n (A) = number of elements in the set A,n (S) = number of elements in the set S

2. If there are two events A and B, then

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B) – P(A and B)equivalently, P(A ∪ B) = P(A) + P(B) – P(A ∩ B)

3. For two mutually exclusive events A and B,

P(A or B) = P(A) + P(B)

4. If A is any event, then

5. P(not A) = 1 – P(A)

## CBSE Class 11 Maths Syllabus 2020-21

Check the name of units and their chapters in CBSE 11th Class Maths Syllabus provided here. In terms of marks weightage, Unit-2 carries the maximum weightage of 30 marks, followed by Unit-1 with 23 marks.

 S.No. Name of Unit Chapters 1 Sets & Functions Sets Relations & Functions Trigonometric Functions 2 Algebra Principle of Mathematical Induction Complex Numbers & Quadratic Equations Linear Inequalities Permutations & Combinations Binomial Theorem Sequence & Series 3 Coordinate Geometry Straight Lines Conic Sections Introduction to Three-dimensional 4 Calculus Limits & Derivatives 5 Mathematical Reasoning Mathematical Reasoning 6 Statistics & Probability Statistics Probability

## CBSE Class 11 Maths Exam Pattern

With the help of CBSE 11th Class Maths Question Paper Pattern, you can know the type of questions asked in the exam, section-wise marking scheme, and the total number of questions. Go through the section-wise exam pattern of CBSE Class 11 Maths.

 Section Type of Questions Number of Questions A Very Short Answer Type (1 mark) 4 (x1) = 4 B Short Answer Type (2 marks) 8 (x2) = 16 C Long Answer Type 1 (4 marks) 11 (x4) = 44 D Long Answer Type 2 (6 marks) 6 (x6) = 36 Total Marks 100

## CBSE Class 11 Maths Marking Scheme | Chapter wise

The Class 11 Maths question paper will carry a total weightage of 80 marks and include questions from 6 units, which are indicated below in the table. Check chapter wise marks distribution of Class 11 Maths here.

 S.No Name of Unit Marks Distribution 1 Sets and Functions 23 2 Algebra 30 3 Coordinate Geometry 10 4 Calculus 05 5 Mathematical Reasoning 02 6 Statistics & Probability 10 Total 80

## Best Reference Books for CBSE Class 11 Maths

In Class 11, scoring marks in Maths becomes an uphill task as the syllabus is vast and concepts are tricky. However, a good reference book can become your ally in accomplishing the goal of scoring high marks.

It is recommended that you clear all concepts from NCERT 11th Maths Book and then only choose a reference book for solving extra questions. Here we have prepared the list of best Maths books for Class 11. Check it out.

 Maths Reference Books for Class 11 Chapterwise Solutions RD Sharma RD Sharma Class 11 Maths Solutions RS Aggarwal RS Aggarwal Class 11 Maths Solutions

## Benefits of Class 11 Maths NCERT Solutions by Goprep

• Written by expert teachers of Goprep in sync with latest CBSE curriculum
• Help students to solve all the problems given in the Class 11 Maths NCERT Book
• Systematically arranged solutions to foster quick learning and save time
• Difficult problems are solved categorically to help students learn easily
• Act as self-study material and provide quick revision facility
• Enable students to have an idea about different types of questions and how to tackle them

### Final Words

Maths in 11th Class is completely different from the Maths of Class 10th. With the introduction of new and difficult concepts, it gets quite challenging for students to master the subject and score good marks in the exam. However, when you decide to study with NCERT Solutions for Class 11th Maths, you get to practice difficult questions and solve them through a different and easy approach. Moreover, these solutions enable you to improve the skills which ultimately enhances the knowledge and approach the exam with more confidence.

You can get the best quality, reliable and effective NCERT Solutions for Class 11 from Goprep. By practising the Maths subject regularly with this solution, one can achieve good marks. Our CBSE NCERT Solutions include the solved questions which you can practise daily to improve your question-solving skills.

• What should be my strategy to score 85% marks in Maths of 11th Class?

If you are looking to score above 85% marks in the maths exam, then you got to have a perfect strategy in place. Preparing with the help of Class 11 Maths NCERT Solutions is definitely a strong strategy that can enable you to come with good marks in the exam. These solutions foster a better understanding of difficult topics and can help you improve to solve the questions quickly.

Try completing the syllabus a few months before the exam so that you get time to practice extra questions from the following Class 11 Maths study material. You may choose any one reference book to prepare for your Maths exam.

• How to score good marks in Class 11 Maths subject?

There is no denying that Maths is the easiest subject to score high marks and increase your overall percentage. In Class 11 Maths NCERT book, you will be introduced to various unfamiliar topics such as Sets, Relations and Functions, Permutations and Combinations, Binomial Theorem, etc.

Take the help of pointers given below to score good marks in Maths.

• As you will be introduced to new chapters in 11th Class Maths textbook, we suggest you understand the definitions and derivations.
• We have provided the list of formulas for all chapters above; you should know the derivation of all formulas and learn them by heart.
• Move to a new concept only when you have mastered all the concepts preceding it.
• Attempt all the examples and questions present in CBSE NCERT 11th Maths book.

• Are miscellaneous exercises important from an exam point of view?

Generally, teachers do not add miscellaneous questions to the Class 11 question paper, but you can practice them anyway to test your knowledge. Miscellaneous questions are equivalent to questions requiring higher-order thinking skills, therefore it is not a bad idea to attempt them when you have finished your preparation.

• How much time do I require to cover the entire NCERT Class 11 Maths Solutions?

The amount of time required to cover the entire NCERT Class 11th Maths Solutions depends upon your study routine. If you are taking reference of these NCERT Solutions on a daily basis to solve the questions of Maths Textbook, then you can cover the solutions well before the exam.

• How do I improve maths question-solving skills with the help of NCERT Solutions for 11th Class Maths?

In order to improve your question-solving skills, the best way is to practice difficult questions on a day to day basis. This thing you can do with the help CBSE NCERT Solutions for 11th Class Maths from Goprep. Regular practice is the key to understanding the logic behind every solution and improving your skills to solve such questions.

• How many chapters are present in NCERT Class 11th Maths textbook?

In total, there are 16 chapters in CBSE NCERT Class 11 Maths Book. The list of chapters is given below. ﻿

• Chapter 1: Sets
• Chapter 2: Relations & Functions
• Chapter 3: Trigonometric Functions
• Chapter 4: Principle of Mathematical Induction
• Chapter 5: Complex Number & Quadratic Equations
• Chapter 6: Linear Inequalities
• Chapter 7: Permutations & Combinations
• Chapter 8: Binomial Theorem
• Chapter 9: Sequence & Series
• Chapter 10: Straight Lines
• Chapter 11: Conic Sections
• Chapter 12: Introduction to Three Dimensional Geometry
• Chapter 13: Limits & Derivatives
• Chapter 14: Mathematical Reasoning
• Chapter 15: Statistics
• Chapter 16: Probability