Q. 30

Which is the corr A. Butane < 1-Chlorobutane < 1-Bromobutane < 1-Iodobutane

B. 1-Iodobutane < 1-Bromobutane < 1-Chlorobutane < Butane

C. Butane < 1-Iodobutane < 1-Bromobutane < 1-Chlorobutane

D. Butane < 1-Chlorobutane < 1-Iodobutane < 1-Bromobutane

Answer :

Due to the polar nature of alkyl halides and the increase in molecular weight compared to their parent alkanes, the boiling points of alkyl halides are higher than that of their parent alkanes. The boiling points of alkyl halides depend on the molecular mass and the size of the halogen atom. With the increase in size, mass, and number of electrons in halogen atoms, the Van Der Waals forces increase and the boiling point also increases. The boiling point of alkyl halides reduces in the order RI > RBr > RCl > RF.


Therefore, the order of increasing order of boiling points should be Butane < 1-Chlorobutane < 1-Bromobutane < 1-Iodobutane. The correct option is (i).

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