Q. 115.0( 3 Votes )
Which of the foll A. Dichloromethane
C. Ethylidene chloride
D. Allyl chloride
Dihaloalkanes having the same halogen are classified as geminal halides or gem-dihalides and vicinal halides or vic-dihalides. Gem-dihalides are molecules where Vic-dihalides are those dihaloalkanes where the halogen atoms are present on two adjacent carbon atoms. In common naming system, the gem-dihalides are named as alkylidene halides, vic-dihalides are named as alkylene dihalides. Dichloromethane contains only one carbon, so adjacent halogen atoms cannot occur in the molecule. 1,2-dichloroethane contains two carbon atoms with adjacent halogen atoms. Ethylidene chloride, as its common name states, is a gem-dihalide. Allyl chloride contains only one chlorine atom. The correct option is (iv).
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