Q. 32

Which of the stat A. (a) and (e) both are nucleophiles.

B. In (c) carbon atom is sp3 hybridised.

C. In (c) carbon atom is sp2 hybridised.

D. (a) and (e) both are electrophiles.

Answer :

The given reaction where CH3Cl reacts with hydroxide ion to give CH3OH is an SN2 nucleophilic substitution reaction. In this reaction, OH- and Cl- are both nucleophiles with an excess of electrons. In the transition state (c) the carbon atom is bound to only 3 hydrogens as the binding of OH- and leaving of Cl- is simultaneous. Hence, the carbon atom is sp2 hybridised. The correct statements are (i) and (iii).

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