After the formation of four bonds, carbon attains the electronic configuration of neon, the nearest noble gas or inert gas.
Electronic configuration of carbon (C) = 2, 4. When it reacts with hydrogen, it forms methane (CH4). Carbon forms four covalent bonds by sharing its four valence electrons. Now, electronic configuration of C in CH4 = 2, 8. Therefore, after the formation of four bonds, carbon attains the electronic configuration of neon with the atomic number 10.
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