Q. 424.8( 8 Votes )

Catenation is the ability of an atom to form bonds with other atoms of the same element. It is exhibited by both carbon and silicon. Compare the ability of catenation of the two elements. Give reasons.

Answer :

Both carbon and silicon show catenation. Carbon shows much more catenation than silicon or any other element as it is smaller in size. This feature helps to make strong C—C bonds whereas the Si—Si bonds are comparatively weaker as it is larger in size. This is the reason why long chain compounds of silicon are not as stable as those of carbon.


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