Q. 755.0( 1 Vote )

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Answer :

Before independence Indian agriculture was mainly that of subsistence farming, but now it has changed to commercial farming. The reasons are - (1) The small and scattered land holdings have been consolidated and converted to large holding and ploughed on cooperative basis.
(2) The farmers have started using modern techniques of farming and scientific methods; also they have started use of fertilizers and high yielding varieties of seeds and farm machinery.
(3) Irrigation methods have improved, resulting in increased soil fertility.
(4) New methods of agriculture like rotation of crops, inter cropping, strip cropping, multiple cropping, have been adopted for better results.
(5) As a result of production of wheat, rice, sugarcane, millets etc spices, cotton, jute, tea etc has increased many times.
Due to all these reasons Indian agriculture is shifting from subsistence to commercial farming.

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