NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 11 - Thermal Properties of MatterShare
Find here accurate and effective NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 11 - Thermal Properties of Matter. These NCERT Solutions for Chapter 11 have been curated by expert teachers of Physics in compliance with the syllabus of CBSE. Comprising of detailed and authentic explanations of the important topics in the Chapter, using these Solutions you can clear your doubts and clear the important concepts.
Our NCERT Solutions for Chapter 11 comprise of easy to learn answers of the Chapter questions given in the textbook. Using these answers and Solutions, you can better understand the concepts and strengthen your Physics exam preparation. So, if you wish to score well in the Class 11 Physics exam, then our NCERT Solutions can definitely help you realize your objective.
Here are the topics discussed in NCERT Solutions for Physics Class 11 Chapter - Thermal Properties of Matter -
- Temperature and heat
- Measurement of temperature
- Ideal-gas equation and absolute temperature
- Thermal expansion
- Specific heat capacity
- Change of state
- Heat transfer
- Newton’s law of cooling
NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 11 - Thermal Properties of Matter
The electrical resistance in ohms of a certain thermometer varies with temperature according to the approximate law:
R = Ro [1 + α(T – To)]
The resistance is 101.6 Ω at the triple-point of water 273.16 K, and 165.5 Ω at the normal melting point of lead (600.5 K). What is the temperature when the resistance is 123.4 Ω?
Answer the following:
(a) The triple-point of water is a standard fixed point in modern thermometry.
Why? What is wrong in taking the melting point of ice and the boiling point of water as standard fixed points (as was originally done in the Celsius scale)?
(b) There were two fixed points in the original Celsius scale as mentioned above which were assigned the number 0°C and 100°C respectively. On the absolute scale, one of the fixed points is the triple-point of water, which on the Kelvin absolute scale is assigned the number 273.16 K. What is the other fixed point on this (Kelvin) scale?
(c) The absolute temperature (Kelvin scale) T is related to the temperature tc on the Celsius scale by
tc = T – 273.15
Why do we have 273.15 in this relation, and not 273.16?
(d) What is the temperature of the triple-point of water on an absolute scale whose unit interval size is equal to that of the Fahrenheit scale?
Two ideal gas thermometers A and B use oxygen and hydrogen respectively. The following observations are made:
(a) What is the absolute temperature of normal melting point of sulphur as read by thermometers A and B ?
(b) What do you think is the reason behind the slight difference in answers of thermometers A and B? (The thermometers are not faulty). What further procedure is needed in the experiment to reduce the discrepancy between the two readings?
A steel tape 1m long is correctly calibrated for a temperature of 27.0°C. The length of a steel rod measured by this tape is found to be 63.0 cm on a hot day when the temperature is 45.0 °C. What is the actual length of the steel rod on that day? What is the length of the same steel rod on a day when the temperature is 27.0 °C? Coefficient of linear expansion of steel = 1.20 × 10–5 K–1.
A large steel wheel is to be fitted on to a shaft of the same material. At 27°C, the outer diameter of the shaft is 8.70 cm and the diameter of the central hole in the wheel is 8.69 cm. The shaft is cooled using ‘dry ice’. At what temperature of the shaft does the wheel slip on the shaft? Assume coefficient of linear expansion of the steel to be constant over the required temperature range: αsteel = 1.20 × 10–5 K–1.
A brass wire 1.8 m long at 27 °C is held taut with little tension between two rigid supports. If the wire is cooled to a temperature of –39 °C, what is the tension developed in the wire, if its diameter is 2.0 mm? Co-efficient of linear expansion of brass = 2.0 × 10–5 K–1; Young’s modulus of brass = 0.91 × 1011 Pa.
A brass rod of length 50 cm and diameter 3.0 mm is joined to a steel rod of the same length and diameter. What is the change in length of the combined rod at 250 °C, if the original lengths are at 40.0 °C? Is there a ‘thermal stress’ developed at the junction? The ends of the rod are free to expand (Co-efficient of linear expansion of brass = 2.0 × 10–5 K–1, steel = 1.2 × 10–5 K–1).
|Chapter 9 - Mechanical Properties of Solids|
|Chapter 10 - Mechanical Properties of Fluids|
|Chapter 11 - Thermal Properties of Matter|
|Chapter 12 - Thermodynamics|
|Chapter 13 - Kinetic Theory|
|Chapter 14 - Oscillations|
|Chapter 15 - Waves|