Q. 56 A

Describe the Rutherford’s model of an atom. State one drawback of Rutherford’s model of the atom.

Answer :

The Rutherford’s model of an atom can be described by many statements some of then are:-

1) An atom consists of positively charged, dense and very small nucleus containing all the protons and neutrons. Almost all the mass of atom is concentrated in the nucleus.

2) The electrons are revolving at very high speed round the nucleus in fixed circular orbits. And it surround the nucleus.

3) The electrostatic attraction between the positively charged nucleus and negatively charged electrons keep the atom held together.

4) The atom has mostly empty space.

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