NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography

NCERT - Contemporary India-II

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography: Social Science is a tedious subject in Class 10. It primarily integrates subjects, i.e. Geography, History, and Civics. The syllabus of Class 10 Geography is vast and deals with the study of natural resources present in India and their distribution. Therefore, to score good marks in the board exams, it gets important to prepare the Geography subject properly. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography (Social Science: Contemporary India 2) made available by Goprep help students exactly do the same.

NCERT Class 10 Social Science Geography Solutions comprise of answers to difficult questions prepared by eminent experts of the subject. Concise and accurate, these solutions of NCERT Geography textbook questions help students enhance their question-solving skills and perform well in the exam. You can click on the given below links to browse chapter-wise solutions of CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography book.

NCERT Geography Class 10 - Contemporary India 2 (All Chapter)

The NCERT Solutions for Class 10 SST are created by experts of Social Science having years of experience. Gradeup school offers students with the facility of last-minute revisions on difficult topics through its CBSE Class 10 Social Science Geography solutions for Class 10. We help students learn smart and quickly. Also, unlike regular Classroom tuitions, students can learn and prepare each topic in Geography at their own pace irrespective of the time and place with the help of our NCERT Solutions.

Class 10 NCERT - Contemporary India-II

Chapter 1: Resources and Development 

Summary: The chapter 1 Resources and Development of the NCERT textbook discusses some crucial topics such as Resources, Classification of Resources and Development of Resources, among others. ‘

Resource means anything that satisfy human wants, and which is accessible easily, accepted culturally and is economically feasible. Resources are further classified based on their ownership, origin, exhaustibility and status of development. 

In addition to resources and their classification, the chapter also explores the topic of 

Development of Resources, Resource Planning, Land Resources in India and Soil as a Resource. 

Further, a thorough study of the chapter would enable students to learn about Renewable & Non-Renewable Resources, Land Use Pattern in India, and Soil Erosion & its Conservation. 

Important Topics of the Chapter

  • Resources and their Classification
  • Development of Resources
  • Resource Planning and Development
  • Land Degradation and Conservation Measures
  • Soil as a Resource 
  • Classification of Resource 
  • Soil Erosion and Conservation

Type of Questions: Short answer type questions, long answer type questions and multiple-choice questions. 

Chapter 2: Forest and Wildlife Resources

Summary: The study of the chapter, ‘Forest and Wildlife Resources’ involves understanding the different categories of plants and animals that exist in the environment. The chapter introduces us about important terms such as Flora and Fauna, classification of species and the causes of degradation of flora and fauna. 

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), plants and animals have been classified in the order of their existence. These include normal species, endangered species, vulnerable species, rare, endemic as well as extinct species. 

Later, in the chapter, you will get to learn about the causes of depletion of flora and fauna along with the factors responsible for India’s declining biodiversity. Besides, all these topics, the chapter also covers an explanation about the different types of distribution of forest and wildlife resources.

Important Topics of the Chapter

  • Flora and Fauna in India
  • Classification of Species
  • Biodiversity and Its Importance
  • Importance of Forest in Our Lives
  • Reasons for the Degradation of Flora and Fauna 
  • Conservation of Forest and Wildlife in India 
  • Methods or Measures to Conserve Biodiversity
  • Community and Conservation

Type of Questions:  To learn the important topics of the NCERT chapter Forest and Wildlife Resources, you can get the solutions of MCQs, Short answer type and long answer type questions. 

Chapter 3: Water Resources 

Summary: The chapter, ‘Water’ discusses the important topic of water, the amount of water that exist in the oceans, and the percentage of freshwater. Three-fourths of the earth’s surface is surrounded by water; however, only a small amount of water fresh in nature and is fit for consumption. 

Moving forward, in this chapter, you will learn about some facts and figures with respect to the availability of water and India’s rank in terms of water availability per person per annum. It is estimated that by the year 2025, India will join the countries that will face complete scarcity.

Water scarcity and the need for water conservation and management is another important topic discussed in detail in this chapter. Later, some important topics like Dams, Multi-purpose river projects and rainwater harvesting have been explored at length to help students strengthen their knowledge of the chapter.

Important Topics of the Chapter

  • Water, Some Facts and Figures
  • Water Scarcity and Need for Water Conservation and Management
  • Multi-purpose River Projects and Advantages
  • Movements against Multi-purpose River Projects
  • Rainwater Harvesting

Type of Questions: Short answer type questions, long answer type questions and multiple type questions. 

Chapter 4: Agriculture

Summary: The topic, ‘Agriculture’ explains the importance of agriculture in the Indian economy. India is primarily a country where the majority of the population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. Agriculture accounts for approximately 26% to the Gross Domestic Product of India. 

So, in this chapter, you will learn about the different types of farming, the major crops that are produced in India. Along with these topics, the technological and institutional reforms in agriculture have also been explored in detail. 

Moving forward, the chapter also discusses the contribution of agriculture to the economy of India, to its employment and total output. Food security in India and the Impact of Globalization are some other important topics which students will learn about later in the chapter. 

Important Topics of the Chapter

  • Types of farming
  • Primitive Subsistence Farming
  • Commercial Farming and Cropping Pattern
  • Major Crops Produced in India 
  • Technological and Institutional Reforms
  • Agriculture’s Contribution to the national economy, output and employment
  • Impact of Globalisation on Agriculture

Type of Questions: Short answer type questions, long answer type questions, and multiple-choice questions. 

Chapter 5: Minerals and Energy Resources

Summary: In the chapter, ‘Minerals and Energy Resources’, students will learn about the important topics like mode of occurrence of minerals and classification of minerals. The chapter also discussed the distribution of minerals in India. 

Minerals are mainly classified into three different types, i.e. metallic minerals, non-metallic and energy minerals. Metallic minerals are in the form of copper, bauxite, manganese and iron ore. Non-metallic minerals, on the other hand, do not comprise of metal and are categorized into mica and limestone. 

As the chapter progresses, it includes an explanation of some important topics like conservation of minerals, energy resources and conventional & non-conventional resources of energy. Lastly, the chapter includes the topic of conservation of resources and the steps required to conserve the resources. 

Important Topics of the Chapter

  • Minerals and Mode of Occurrence of Minerals
  • Classification of Minerals: Metallic & Non-Metallic Minerals
  • Conservation of Minerals 
  • Conventional Sources of Energy
  • Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
  • Conservation of Resources

Type of Questions:  To prepare the Minerals and Energy Resources chapter of the NCERT textbook, you can get here the answers of MCQs, short answer type questions and long answer type questions. 

Chapter 6: Manufacturing Industries

Summary: ‘Manufacturing Industries’ is an important chapter of the Geography syllabus of CBSE class 10. The chapter focuses on explaining to students the classification of manufacturing industry, its importance and the contribution of the industry to the national economy.

Moving along, the chapter discusses the classification of industries and describes different types of industries such as textile, jute, cotton and chemical industry among others. Besides, the chapter also explores the critical issue of industrial pollution and environmental degradation.

Later in the chapter, you will learn about the different ways to environmental degradation such as rainwater harvesting and treatment of hot water and effluents. Additionally, the three different phases of treatment of industrial effluents have also been described in detail. 

Important Topics of the Chapter

  • Manufacturing and Its Importance
  • Classification of Industries
  • Agro-Based Industries 
  • Mineral Based Industries
  • Industrial Pollutants and Environmental Degradation
  • Methods to Control Environmental Degradation

Type of Questions: Very short answer type questions, long answer type questions and multiple-choice questions. 

Chapter 7: Lifelines of National Income

Summary: The chapter Lifelines of National Income discusses about the important domains of transport that are used for the movement of goods. These three domains of transport are land, water and air. 

In particular, there are mainly five systems of transport in India in the form of roadways, airways, railways, waterways and pipelines. All these systems of transportation have been explained in detail in the chapter with reference to their importance. 

Some important topics like major seaports in India, nationalization of airports, international trade and tourism as trade have also been explained in a structured manner.

Important Topics of the chapter

  • Transportation and Its Different Types 
  • Roadways, Railway and Airways Transportation
  • Road Density in India 
  • International Trade
  • Tourism as a Trade 
  • Importance of Tourism 

Type of Questions: To learn important topics of the NCERT chapter, ‘Lifelines of National Income’, you can get here short answer questions, long answer questions and MCQs. 

Benefits of using NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science Geography

  • NCERT Solutions made available by us are easy-to-understand and can free of cost.
  • These solutions for Geography include questions & answers of all chapters
  • Detailed and easy to understand answers for each Question in compliance with the NCERT textbooks.
  • Solutions are researched extensively and are then created by the experts of the subject.
  • Solutions come handy for quick revisions during the time of the exams or tests.
  • Using NCERT Solutions you can score good marks in the exam.


Final Words

Preparing for the 10th Class Geography exam takes an overwhelming effort. Moe so, each topic within the three subjects needs to be mastered properly to score good marks in the exam. Taking help of NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science can help you focus on each chapter and learn them properly. Additionally, these solutions help you leverage your precious time before the exam by enabling you to do quick revision and perform better in the exam.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Is NCERT Class 10th Geography textbook not enough for board exam preparation?

    The syllabus of Class 10th Geography is vast and requires students to study each chapter thoroughly to prepare for the exam. However, there are many topics in the syllabus that are not explained properly in the NCERT textbook which makes it difficult for students to prepare effectively. So, owing to this fact the NCERT textbook lack complete usefulness and is required to be complemented with NCERT Geography solutions for proper preparation.

  • Which is the best website for NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography?

    The best platform for NCERT Solutions is one that makes available the study material based on latest syllabus. Moreover, it should be easy to read and grasp and should be in a format that can be downloaded easily. CBSE 10th Social Science Geography solutions made available by Goprep provide all such features to its users, which makes the platform one of the best.

  • How can I score more than 75% marks in Board exams with the help of NCERT Solutions?

    These solutions provide students the facility to understand each topic quite properly and supplement their exam preparation. So, if you are looking to score 75% or more marks, then you would be required to study accordingly.

  • Can I get History, Civics and Geography NCERT Solutions all in one place?

    Yes, with Gradeup school you can get NCERT Solutions for History, Civics and Geography all at one place. These solutions can be availed chapter-wise with one click and you can access them at anytime, anywhere without any hassle.