Q. 15 A4.4( 8 Votes )

Answer the following questions in about 80 words:

Give a pen portrait of a Goan village baker.

Answer :

The baker or bread-seller of those days had a peculiar dress known as the “kabai” which was a single-piece long frock reaching down to the knees. He used to visit at least twice a day, once, while setting out in the morning on his selling around, and then again, when he returned after emptying his huge basket. The baker made his musical entry in the scene with the “jhang, jhang” sound of his specially made bamboo staff and he would “Good morning” to the lady of the house and put his basket on the vertical bamboo. The baker usually collected his bills at the end of the month which used to be recorded in some wall in pencil. The baker and his family never starved in the old days and they looked happy and prosperous. These bakers are, even today, known as “pader” in Goa.


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RELATED QUESTIONS :

Read the passage given below and complete the statements that follow choosing the most appropriate options from those given below.

Cheraw is the most colourful Mizo dance. Bamboos are used in this dance. Hence the dancer moves by stepping alternatively in and out from between and across a pair of horizontal bamboos, held against the ground by people sitting face to face at either side. They tap the bamboos open and close in rhythmic beats. Two bases support the bamboos, placed horizontally one at each end. The bamboos, when clapped, produce a shaip sound, which forms the rhythm of the dance. It indicates the timing of the dance as well. The dancers step in and out to the beats of the bamboos with ease and grace. The patterns and stepping of the dance have many variations. Sometimes the stepping are made in imitation of the movements of birds, sometimes the swaying of trees and so on.


Little is known about the origin of Cheraw. It may be possible that the forefathers of the Mizos brought it with them when they left home in far east- Asia. Cheraw is performed on any occasion these days. But so goes the legend. It used to be performed in earlier times only to ensure a safe passage for a dead child to paradise. Cheraw is, therefore, a dance of sanctification and redemption performed with great care, precision and elegance.


(a) According to the passage, Cheraw is:


(i) a form of art


(ii) a festival of lights


(iii) a form of dance


(iv) a Mizo animal


(b) Cheraw is performed:


(i) to show respect to the state


(ii) for sanctification and redemption


(iii) to please the goddess of dance


(iv) to earn money


(c) The dancers in Cheraw dance to:


(i) the beats of bamboos


(ii) the beats of drums


(iii) the clappings of the sing-


(iv) the sound of a whistle


(d) The statement - …….. is correct:


(i) Four bases support the bamboos


(ii) Cheraw is a solo dance


(iii) Cheraw is a dull stepping pattern


(iv) The sound of bamboos forms the rhythm of the dance


(e) The word 'redemption' in the passage means:


(i) performed with great care


(ii) solution


(iii) deliverance from evil ways


(iv) Compensation

English (Lang. & Lit) - Board Papers