Q. 33.7( 6 Votes )

Divide a line seg

Answer :


We need to divide this line segment AB of length 14 cm internally in the ratio 2 : 5.



Step 1: Draw a line segment AC of arbitrary length and at an any angle to AB such that CAB is acute.



Step 2: We plot (2 + 5 =) 7 points A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, and A7 such that AA1 = A1A2 = A2A3 = A3A4 = A4A5 = A5A6 = A6A7



Step 3: We join points A7 and B.



Step 4: We draw line segment A2P such that A2P || A7B and P is the point of intersection of this line segment with AB.


Point P divides AB in the ratio 2 : 5.


Justification


In ΔAA2P and ΔAA7B,


v. A is common.


vi. AA2P = AA7B (corresponding angles A2P || A7B)


Hence, ΔAA2P ~ ΔAA7B


So, ratio of lengths of corresponding sides must be equal.



Let AA1 = A1A2 = A2A3 = A3A4 = A4A5 = A5A6 = A6A7 = x


So, the previous relation can be re – written as –



2(AP +PB) = 7AP


2PB = 5AP


AP/PB = 2/5, or, AP : PB = 2 : 5

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