Answer :

The three principles of justice are:

a. Treating equals equally:

1. This means treating people equally.

2. Providing equal rights and treatment.

3. Includes civil rights such as Right to life, liberty and property, Political rights like Right to Vote and Social Rights like right to enjoy equal opportunity.

4. Prohibits Discrimination against on grounds of class, creed, race, gender etc.

b. Proportionate Justice:

1. This means rewarding people as per their efforts and skills required.

2. This proportionality provides balance to the principle of equal treatment.

3. Example: A carpenter and Policemen are not rewarded equally due to difference in nature of the job.

c. Recognition of Special Needs:

1. This means distributing rewards on the special needs of the people.

2. On the basis of disability, special care is provided to the aggrieved including special grants in education, work or health care etc.

3. This is provided in order to keep them at par with the level of general people. To provide them equal opportunity in order to show their skill.

4. Example: A physically challenged person getting extra time in exams, is the recognition of special need.

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