Mnemonics to learn Modern Periodic Table

Learn Short tricks to learn Modern periodic Table

By Neha BagriPublished : Aug 26, 2020 , 18:07 IST

Dear Aspirants, 

The Modern periodic table is a very important part of Chemistry as the entire Chemistry revolves around the elements and their properties which is present on the periodic table. Aspirants who want to score good marks in the JEE Main exam must know the properties of the periodic table. 

There are total 7 periods and 18 groups present in the Modern Periodic Table. 

The S Block Element

The first two groups , s-block elements have chemical & Physical properties which are quite similar. Group 1 is known as alkali metals and group 2 known as Alkaline Earth metals.

Alkali Metals: Lithium (Li), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Rubidium (Ru), Caesium (Cs), and Francium (Fr).

Mnemonic for Group 1: LiNa Kare Rub Cse Friyaad

Alkaline earth metals: It includes Beryllium (Be), Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca), Strontium (Sr), Barium (Br), and Radium (Ra).

Mnemonic for Group 2: Beta MangCaScooter Baap ram   Ram.


The P Block Elements

The last six groups of the table consist of the P block element The groups are from 13 to 18. Non-metals, metalloids and poor metals are present in this group.

Also known as Boron group, it includes Boron (B), Aluminium (Al), Gallium (Ga), Indium (In), and Thallium (Tl).

Group 13B A G I T.

Buffalo And Goat In Tamil


Group 14 :known as Carbon group or the group of Crystallogens, Tetragens or Tetrels. It includes Carbon (C), Silicon (Si), Germanium (Ge), Tin (Sn), and Lead (Pb).

Chauhan SiGiveStandard Problems.


Group 15: known as the Nitrogen group. It includes Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Arsenic (As), Antimony (Sb), and Bismuth (Bi).

Nath Prasad Aur Sab Bhikari


Group 16:- of the periodic table is known as the group of of Chalcogens or Oxygen group. It includes Oxygen (O), Sulphur (S), Selenium (Se), Tellurium (Te), and the radioactive element Polonium (Po).

 Omi  Shukla Se TePo


Group 17: is known as the group of Halogens. It consist of  Fluorine (F), Chlorine (Cl), Bromine (Br), Iodine (I), and Astatine (At).

Fir Call kar Bahaar AayI Aunty.


Group 18 is known as the group of Noble gases, excluding Helium. Normally, they are all odorless and colorless gases with very low chemical reactivity. The group includes Helium (He), Neon (Ne), Argon (Ar), Krypton (Kr), Xenon (Xe), and the radioactive Radon (Rn).

Mnemonic for Group 18: He Never Arrived, Kriti Xero Run pe out.


D-Block Elements

Known as the Transition metals Groups 3 to 11 consist of all transition elements. Group 12 elements, which have its d as the subshell which are completely filled, are also known as the post-transition elements.

D-block elements and F-block elements show some similar properties throughout the period.

We can memorize these elements across the periods:

Period 4 elements are quite stable and many of them are very common in earth’s crust or core or both. D-block elements it includes are Scandium (Sc), Titanium (Ti), Vanadium (V), Chromium (Cr), Manganese (Mn), Iron (Fe), Cobalt (Co), Nickel (Ni), Copper (Cu) and Zinc (Zn).

Period 4: Science Ti(ea)cher Vandana Crore Mange Feko (FeCoNi Kyun(Cu) ki  Zamaana hai

"Science Teacher Vandana Crore Mange Feko nahi kuki zamana hai"


Period 5 elements are known to fill their 5s shell first, then 4d shells and then 5p shells, with rhodium being the exception. The elements of this period show many exceptions to Maledung rule. D-block elements it includes are Yttrium (Y), Zirconium (Zr), Niobium (Nb), Molybdenum (Mo), Technetium (Tc), Ruthenium (Ru), Rhodium (Rh), Pd (Palladium), Silver (Ag) and Cadmium (Cd).

Period 5: Yaro  Zarre Nabila bana Mohabaat mein T(c)eri, Ruke(Ru) Raho(Rh) Padmini(Pd) Aage(Ag)  ise mili Coding(Cd)

"Yaro Zarre Nabila Bana Mohabbat Mein Teri Ruke raho PAdmini aage ise mili coding" 


Period 6: Lanthanides are found in this. There are many elements in this group which are costly like gold. It includes Lutetium (Lu), Hafnium (Hf), Tantalum (Ta), Tungsten (W), Rhenium (Re), Osmium (Os), Iridium (Ir), Platinum (Pt), Gold (Au) and Mercury (Hg).

Period 6: L(u)a HafTa Warna ReUs(Os) Irritating Popat ke saath AuHoj(g)a pagal.

"La Hafta Warna Reh Us Irritating Popat ke saath Aur Hoja pagal".


7th period of the modern Periodic Table consist of the radioactive elements. Including the actinides which consist of  the heaviest naturally occurring element Californium. All other elements are synthesized artificially. D-block elements

it includes are Actinium (Ac), Rutherfordium (Rf), Dubnium (Db), Seaborgium (Sg), Bohrium (Bh), Hassium (Hs), Meitnerium (Mt), and Darmstadtium (Ds). Period 7: Ak(c)ele  R(f)amu  D(b)ang S(g)harma ko B(h)ook  naH(s)Machti   Divas

"Akele Ramu Dabang Sharma ko Bhook nahi Machti Divas"


F-Block Elements

They are also known as inner transition elements. They can be divided into Lanthanides (also known as rare earth elements) and Actinides.

Lanthanides include elements which are: Cerium (Ce), Praseodymium (Pr), Neodymium (Nd), Promethium (Pm), Samarium (Sm), Europium (Eu), Gadolinium (Gd), Terbium (Tb), Dysprosium (Dy), Holmium (Ho), Erbium (Er), Thulium (Tm), Ytterbium (Yb) and Lutetium (Lu).

We can learn all these in three parts:

Cerium (Ce), Praseodymium (Pr), Neodymium (Nd), Promethium (Pm), and Samarium (Sm)

Celina and ParNdande se Pammy aur Simmy ko mara.


Europium (Eu), Gadolinium (Gd), Terbium (Tb), Dysprosium (Dy), and Holmium (Ho)

 "Europe Gayi  TaBu aur Diwani Ho gayi"


Erbium (Er), Thulium (Tm), Ytterbium (Yb) and Lutetium (Lu)

"E re, dekh Tamatar Yellow aur blue hain"


There are also some other elements which are not so important but at many times in state-level exam the atomic mass and number can be asked.

1.Thorium (Th), Protactinium (Pa), Uranium (U), and Neptunium (Np)

Theory Padhle Ullu No problem

2.Plutonium (Pu), Americium (Am), Curium (Cm), Berkelium (Bk)

Purane Aam K(C)am Bekar.

Click on the links below for more info on the syllabus and question papers:

JEE Main Syllabus with weightage

JEE Main Question Papers 2019 with Solutions

All the best!

Team Goprep


Class 12thChemistry


Neha Bagri
Written by -

Neha Bagri