Scientific Names of Animals and Plants

Know binomial nomenclature of plants and animals and know how to write their scientific names.

By Mohit ChauhanPublished : Aug 11, 2020 , 10:30 IST
Scientific Names of Animals and Plants

Our ecosystem comprises millions of species of plants and animals. Among these, several species are still unknown to us while zoologists were able to identify most of them. All recognized species on Earth are called by their two-part scientific name. This system is also called binomial nomenclature. Now the question arises, how zoologists were able to create the scientific names of animals and plants?

The scientific name of an animal or a plant is based on their relationship with different species. In the two-part nomenclature system, the first part is made up of a generic name and the second part is a specific name. For example, the scientific name of modern human beings is Homo sapiens. 

Common Name 

Human Beings

Scientific Name

Homo sapiens

Generic Name + specific name

Homo + sapiens

Let us now study the scientific names of various animals, plants, and extinct organisms below. Also, know the process of writing a scientific name. 

How to Write a Scientific Name?

Taking the example of the scientific name of human beings, the generic name is ‘Homo’ and the specific name is ‘sapiens’. Note that the first letter of the generic name is written in the upper case whereas the first letter of the specific name is always written in lowercase. 

The concept of scientific names of animals and plants was introduced by Carl von Linne. With the help of a two-part nomenclature system, Linne wanted to depict the relationship of animals or plants with their different species. 

Scientific Names of Animals

Below we have tabulated the list of scientific names of animals corresponding to their common names. 

Common Names of Animals

Scientific Names of Animals

African elephant

Loxodonta africana

Albatross

Diomedeidae

Arabian Camel

Camelus dromedarius

Alpaca

Lama pacos

Asian Elephant

Elephas maximus

Black rat

Rattus rattus

Buffalo

Bubalus bubalis

Bulbul

Molpastes cafer

Blackbuck

Antilope cervicapra

Bison

Bos gaurus

Cat

Felis domesticus

Cheetah

Acinonyx jubatus

Chinkara

Gazella bennettii

Crocodile

Crocodylus palustris

Common Myna

Acridotheres tristis

Dog

Canis lupus familiaris

Red Fox

Vulpes vulpes

Gavial or Gharial

Gavialis gangeticus

Giraffe

Giraffa camelopardalis

Great Horned Owl

Bubo virginianus

Horse

Equus caballus

House crow

Corvus splendens

Hippopotamus

Hippopotamus amphibius

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

House Mouse

Mus musculus

House Wall Lizard

Hemidactylus flaviviridis

Indian Parrot

Psittacula eupatria

Indian Python

Python molurus

Indian Cobra

Naja naja

Kashmir Stag or Hangul

Cervus canadensis hanglu

Koel

Eudynamys scolopaceus

King Cobra

Ophiophagus hannah

Leopard/ Panther

Panthera pardus

Lion

Panthera leo

Nilgai

Boselaphus tragocamelus

Peacock

Pavo cristatus

Pigeon

Columba livia

Rat snake

Ptyas mucosa

Rabbit

Oryctolagus cuniculus

Rhesus monkey

Macaca mulatta

Rhinoceros

Rhinoceros unicornis

Sea Snake

Hydrophiinae

Siberian Crane

Grus leucogeranus

Tiger

Panthera tigris

Wild Boar

Sus scrofa

Wild Ass 

Equus africanus asinus

Wolf

Canis lupus

Zebra

Equus quagga

Scientific Names of Plants

Check the list of scientific names of plants corresponding to their common names. 

Common Names of Plants

Scientific Names of Plants

Apple

Malus domestica

Banana

Musa paradisiaca

Banyan

Ficus benghalensis

Black Gram

Plasoes mungo

Black Pepper

Piper nigrum

Brinjal

Solanum melongena

Capsicum

Capsicum frutescens

Clove

Syzygium aromaticum

Carrot

Daucas carota

Coriander

Coriandrum sativum

Cotton

Gossypium herbaceum

Curry plant

Murraya koenigii

Cucumber

Cucumis sativus

Drumstick

Moringa oleifera

Garlic

Allium sativum

Ginger

Zingiber officinale

Guava

Psidium guajava

Green Gram

Phaseolus aulicus

Horse Gram

Dolichos biffoeus

Henna

Lawsonia inermis

Jowar

Sorghum vulgare

Lemon

Citrus limonium

Lettuce 

Lactuca sativa

Mango

Mangifera indica

Maize

Zea mays

Mint

Mentha arvensis

Money Plant

Epipremnum aureum

Neem

Azadirachta indica

Onion

Allium cepa

Orange

Citrus aurantium

Pineapple

Ananus sativus

Potato

Solanum tubersum

Radish

Raphanus sativus

Red Gram

Cojonus cgjan

Sandalwood

Santalum album

Spinach

Spinacia oleracea

Tobacco

Nicotina tobaccum

Tomato

Solanum lycopersicum

Tulsi

Ocimum sanctum

Turmeric

Curcuma longa

Wheat

Triticum aestivum

Watermelon

Citrullus vulgaris

Scientific Names of Extinct Organisms

Below is the list of scientific names of extinct organisms. 

Common Name of Extinct Organisms

Scientific Names of Extinct Organisms

Great Auk

Pinguinus impennis

Megalodon

Carcharocles megalodon

Moa

Dinornithiformes

Tasmanian Tiger

Thylacinus cynocephalus

Passenger Pigeon

Ectopistes migratorius

T-rex

Tyrannosaurus rex

If you cannot find the scientific name of a plant or an animal you were looking for, you may check the frequently asked questions regarding the scientific names here.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What is the scientific name of Rose?

    The Latin name or the scientific name of Rose is Rosa.

  • What is the botanical name of Neem?

    Azadirachta indica is the scientific name of Neem. ‘Azadirachta’ is its generic name and ‘indica’ is its specific name. 

  • What is the scientific name of Tulsi?

    Ocimum tenuiflorum is the scientific name of Tulsi. The generic and specific names are ‘Ocimum’ and ‘tenuiflorum’ respectively. 

  • Write the scientific name of the Banyan tree.

    Ficus benghalensis is the scientific name of the Banyan tree. These trees are considered among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. 

  • Write the scientific name of Bat.

    The scientific name of Bat is Chiroptera, which is derived from a Greek word ‘hand wing’. The nomenclature has been done based on the fact that bats have four long fingers and a thumb, each connected with each other through a thin layer of skin.  

  • What is the scientific name of Marigold?

    The scientific name of Marigold is Tagetes erceta.  

  • Write the scientific name of Hibiscus.

    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis is the scientific name of Hibiscus or China Rose. It is classified under the species of tropical hibiscus, which is a flowering plant in the Hibisceace tribe. 

  • What is the scientific name of Sunflower?

    The scientific name of Sunflower is Helianthus annuus. This species is native to Central America and North America.

  • Write the botanical name of Mango and Banana.

    The scientific name of Mango is Mangifera indica, which is a flowering plant found in the Indian subcontinent. There are hundreds of cultivable varieties of mangoes in various warm regions of the world. 

    The scientific name of Banana is Musa acuminata. Around 70 species of Musa are grown across the world. 

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Class 12thBiology

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Mohit Chauhan
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Mohit Chauhan

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