Q. 265.0( 2 Votes )

Write two basic m

Answer :

The two basic modes of communication are: -


1. Point-to-point communication


2. Broadcast communication


Amplitude Modulation: -


In this type of modulation, the message signal is super imposed on the carrier wave and the modulated wave is transmitted


The carrier wave is,



The message signal is,



So the modulated signal cm(t) can be written as,




we can write,



Here,



Is called the modulation index, Using the trigonometric relation,



we can write,



Here and are respectively called the lower side and upperside frequencies. The modulated signal now consists of thecarrier waveof frequency plus two sinusoidal waves each with a frequency slightly different from, known as side bands. The frequency spectrum of the amplitude modulated signal is shown below,


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