Answer :

The Himalayas form an arc at the northern border of India from the east to west. It covers a distance of about 2,500 km with width varying from 250 km to 400 meters. The Himalayas consist of three parallel ranges. These are:

1. Upper Himalaya (Himadri)


• Average height is 6000 meters


• The core is composed of Granite


• It is perennially snowbound


• Eg: - Mt. Everest, Mt. Kanchenjunga


2. Lesser Himalaya (Himachal)


• Average height is 3000 meters


• Is well known for its many hill stations


• Upper slopes has coniferous mountains, lower slopes has grassland (Marg)


• Eg: - Mussoorie, Darjeeling, Dharamshala, Nainital, Kullu, etc.


3. Sub-Himalaya (Shivaliks)


• Have altitudes varying between 600 and 1500 meters.


• Has thick forest covers


• The valleys between Shivalik and Lesser Himalayas are called ‘Dwar’ in the west and as ‘Duns’ in the east.


• Eg: - Haridwar, Dehradun, Kotli Dun, etc.


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