Here, the –OH group is attached to the second carbon. Count the carbon atoms such that the carbon containing the functional group gets the lowest number.
(iii) Methanoic acid
(iv) Methyl ethanoate
The carbon group (alkyl part obtained from alcohol) attached to O of –COO group (denoted by R’) is mentioned in the first part of IUPAC name.
The carbon chain obtained from carboxylic acid (denoted by R) is represented in the second part of the name (the –oate part).
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