(a) (i) Ovaries are primary reproductive organs in a woman.
1) To make mature female sex cells called ‘ova’ or ‘eggs’
2) To produce the female sex hormones called estrogen and progesterone.
(ii) Oviduct also known as fallopian tubes.
1) To transfer the female gametes (egg) from ovary to uterus.
2) The fertilization of egg (or ovum) by a sperm takes place in the oviduct.
(iii) Uterus – two oviducts are connected to bag like organ called uterus (womb)
1) The growth and development of a fertilized ovum into a baby takes place in the uterus.
(b) The embryo get nourishment inside the mother's body through placenta that is a disc like special tissue that develops between the uterus wall and the embryo. It is through the placenta that all the other requirements of the developing foetus also like respiration, excretion etc., are met from mother’s body.
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