Answer :

Climate is defined as the average state of everyday’s weather condition. India climate is controlled by many factors. The factors which affect the Indian climate are:

*Monsoon Winds: It is the most dominating factor of Indian climate. It brings a sudden change in the seasons.


*Influence of water bodies: The water bodies surrounding India exert moderating influence on the climatic conditions. Climate of the coastal areas is always moderate throughout the year.


*Latitudinal extent: The latitudinal extent is an important factor which influences the climatic condition. Northern hemisphere and Southern hemisphere experience different climatic conditions due to their latitudinal extent.


*Altitude: The temperature decreases with increase in height. The towns and cities in the plains experience warm climate in comparison to hill stations.


The other factors which affect the Indian climate are upper air circulation, El-Nino effect, La Nina effect and Physiography.


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