Answer :

Land degradation is the result of excess agricultural and economic activities. Reasons for land degradation are:

a. Deforestation: Deforestation leaves the land more vulnerable to climatic conditions. It loosens the top soil which leads to increased land erosion.

b. Landslides: Landslides are both cause and effect of land degradation. Landslides result in erosion of top soil which leaves the lower levels of soil vulnerable.

c. Flood (Any two): Floods render huge patch of land waste. When floodwater enter into open areas or agricultural lands, it degrades the quality of soil.

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<span lang="EN-USNCERT Geography- Resources and Development