Q. 34.3( 3 Votes )

Write an essay on the Saraswati River.

Answer :

Saraswati River was one of the Rigvedic Rivers mentioned in Rig Veda. It is called Naditame, Ambitame and Devitame in Rig Veda. The goddess Saraswati was originally a personification of this river. Saraswati, the consort of Brahma, is the goddess of purity, knowledge, fine arts, music and is temperamentally calm, reliable and soft. It raises from Shivalik glacier of Himalaya according to archaeological council which changes into water after reaching ‘Adibadri’. Saraswati River flows between Sutlej and Yamuna.

This river is a transboundary to India as well as to Pakistan. This river flows through both the nations together only in the monsoon. In the area prior to the Ottu barrage, the Saraswati River is anciently known as the Ghaggar and where it crosses this barrage it becomes Hakra. The Ghaggar river acts as a trans-boundary river to India in the monsoon weather whereas the Hakra, which is an extension of Ghaggar in India becomes the dehydrated canal in Pakistan.


According to research of ISRO it is known that the Brahma Sarovar of Kurukshetra, crescent lakes of Peshwa and drainage path of Punjab, Haryana through Pakistan, Ghaggar-Hakra-Nara is the evidence of Saraswati River.


Saraswati River ran parallel to Sindhu River. Saraswati Sindhu civilization was found near the Saraswati River. More than fifteen hundred cities developed on the bank of these rivers.


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