Q. 5

Write about Changes held in textile industry during industrial revolution.

Answer :

The transition to new manufacturing processes with an effect on both industry and economy in Britain between the 1780s and the 1850s is known as industrial revolution. It marked an important shift from rural agrarian society to a more developed urban industrial one. This shift was possible because of a variety of inventions that took place during this time period. These inventions were mechanical in nature and made industries that were less dependent on manual power but at the same time was able to produce more at cheaper and efficient rates. During this period, there was a marked shift to powered, special-purpose machinery, factories and mass production. The central roles in the Industrial Revolution were played by the iron and steel industry, the textile industry and the invention of the steam engine. The associated inventions like power looms, cotton gin, large blast furnaces, milling machines and steam locomotives improved the systems of transportation, communication and banking.


The inventions which spearheaded the industrial revolution started as far back as 1563 when Rev. William Lee invented the stocking frame which was the first major stage in the mechanisation of the textile industry. With a rising population, England saw a rise in the need for clothing. Modern inventions like the Flying Shuttle, invented by John Kay in 1733 allowed a single weaver to weave much wider fabrics, and it could be mechanized, allowing for automatic machine looms. James Hargreaves developed the spinning Jenny in 1765 which reduced the amount of work needed to produce cloth, with a worker able to work eight or more spools at once. Arkwright’s invented the water powered frame in 1769 which was designed for the production of cotton thread and was able to spin 128 threads at a time, which was an easier and faster method than ever before. Cartwright invented the power loom in 1787 which made cloth more affordable and thus the power loom increased demand and stimulated exports, causing a growth in industrial employment, albeit low-paid.


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