Q. 155.0( 3 Votes )

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Answer :

Steel is a product made from iron ore. The iron and steel industry is a primary or feeder industry as its products are used by other industries as raw materials. It is characterized by toughness and malleability. The steel alloys are also known for their durability. It is the basic metal for most modern commodities in the world which has increased its importance exponentially. Important countries for iron and steel industry includes Germany, USA, China, Japan and Russia.

The factors that support the location of iron and steel industry has changed overtime. Initially, before 1800 A. D., it depended on the availability of raw materials, power supply and running water. This changed to proximity to coal fields, canals and railways in the later years. After 1950, large areas of flat land near sea ports were favoured by the industry as the ports were necessary for importing iron ores.

Availability of raw materials have played an important deciding factor in the location of iron and steel industry in India. Chotanagpur Plateau spread over four states, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Orissa and Chhattisgarh has the highest distribution of the industries and includes important centres like Bihlai, Durgapur, Burnpur, Jamshedpur, Rourkela and Bokaro. Other important steel centres are; Bhadravati and Vijay Nagar in Karnataka, Vishakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh and Salem in Tamil Nadu. The first iron and steel plant in India was set up in 1907 at Jamshedpur.

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