Cash crops are agricultural crops produced for their market value. They are commercially valuable crops mainly cultivated for its sale in the market. It is mainly cultivated and grown with the objective of making profits. Tea, pepper, rubber, sugarcane, and spices are some important cash crops.
Tea is an important cash crop that is grown both in the tropical and the sub-tropical regions. It is a perennial shrub whose leaves are used for the production of tea dust and tea. The cultivation of tea involves the constant trimming and maintenance of the shrub to facilitate the growth of new, fresh leaves ideal for making tea dust. A hot, humid and moist condition is required for the excellent growth of the crop. It requires a temperature of 21 ̊ and an average rainfall of 150 cm. Since the shrub requires a cooler, rainy and tropical climate for its growth, it is majorly cultivated in the hilly regions. It gives the best yield in the well-drained fertile soil that is rich in nutrients.
It is extensively grown in the hilly regions of China, India and Sri Lanka. In India, Assam, West Bengal, Kerala and Tamil Nadu have extensive tea estates and is involved in the production and export of the crop.
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