The following points will allow you to have an idea about the sugar industries of India-
a. The Sugar industries of India ranks second amongst the largest agro based industry in India which are located near its area of cultivation as sugarcane is a weight loosing agricultural product which cannot be stored for a longer period of time because of its inability to contain sucrose in it for a long period due tow which It cannot be transported very far.
b. Sugar harvesting is done in a particular season because of its constraints, their crushing too is to be done in a limited time period due to which its factories do not function throughout the year.
c. Uttar Pradesh and Bihar (popularly known as the ‘sugar bowl of India’) contributes about 70% of the country’s total production of sugar. Other states like Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu also produces sugar with Nellikupam, Pugalur, Coimbatore and Pandyarajapuram as popular places in Tamil Nadu for sugar production.
d. The Government too has played its role by introducing a dual price system for internal sugar trade with every sugar mill giving up 40% of its production to the Government at a fixed price which It sells through Public Distortion System with the rest of 60% sold in the open market at a higher price.
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