Answer :

The folding happens because of the lateral compression on plates. This causes the movement of plates upwards and downwards. This is called folding and when mountains are formed due to this process they are called as Fold Mountains. Himalaya and Alps are one such fold mountains and they are lofty mountains created by the process of folding.


The movement of plates also creates stress and tension in the rocks, causing them to stretch and cracks. This process is called faulting. The Great Rift Valley can be an example of the process of faulting.


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