Q. 44.6( 7 Votes )
Write a note on Champaran Peasants Movement.
The Champaran Peasants Movement or the Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement inspired by Gandhi and a noteworthy revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. It was a farmer's uprising that took place in Champaran district of Bihar, India during the British Rule. The farmers were protesting their having to forcibly grow opium with barely any payment for it. Under Colonial-era laws and the ‘Teenkathiya System’, many tenant farmers were forced to grow opium/ indigo on 3/20th of their lands and then forced to sell the same at pre-determined prices by the European planters and landowners. Gandhi accompanied by Babu Rajendra Prasad carried out a detailed enquiry into the peasant's problems and issues which infuriated the local district officials. He was ordered to leave but with popular support backing him created peaceful protests and rallies to highlight the atrocities faced by the farmers. Sensing a shift in the popular opinion, the Government was forced to form a Committee in June 1917 with Gandhi as a member to address the grievances. This led to the creation of the Champaran Agrarian Act which freed the peasants from the oppression of the planters and owners.
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