Q. 263.6( 17 Votes )

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Answer :

A. Kidaks: They were the well-to-do peasants who were supposed to be holding stocks in the hope of higher prices. They were raided so that they may be eliminated in order to develop modern farms and establish state-controlled large farms.

B. The Duma: The Duma was a consultative parliament that was created on the permission of the Tsar during the 1905 Revolution.

C. Women workers writ 1900 and 1930: Women made up 31% of the factory labour force, but were paid between 1/2 and 3/4 of a man’s wages. They actively led the strikes in many factories. They even worked in the collective farms.

D. The Liberals : They were a group which looked to change society. They wanted a nation which tolerated all religions and opposed the uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers. They argued for a representative, elected parliamentary government subject to laws interpreted by a well-trained judiciary independent of rulers and officials.

E. Stalin’s collectivisaion programme: Stalin hoped to solve the problem of food shortage through combining small farms with large and modern farms This was collectivisation programme that began in 1929. Peasants were forced to work in these state controlled collective farms called Kolkhoz.

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