Q. 75.0( 2 Votes )

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Answer :

The addition of hydrogen to an unsaturated hydrocarbon to obtain a saturated hydrocarbon is called hydrogenation.


Example- It has important industrial applications like preparation of vegetable ghee from vegetable oil.



Essential conditions for the reaction are:


a) Presence of an unsaturated hydrocarbon.


b) Presence of a catalyst such as nickel (Ni) or palladium.


The changes in the physical property with the formation of the product are as mentioned-


a) Change of unsaturated compound from the liquid state to saturated compound in solid state.


b) The boiling or melting points of a product are increased.


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