Answer :

Famine is a situation when massive food shortage occur which lead to serious distress.

These famines were common feature of the British rule. The reasons were.

First, high revenue and rents forced upon the peasants and they were left with no amount to face difficult situation.

Second, the crops cultivated were exported and little were left for the people.

Third, the large traders often created artificial shortage of food by hoarding the foodgrains.

Most of the famines were the result of policies of British and some were due to rain/floods.

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