major European nations met to decide all questions connected with the Congo River basin in Central Africa.
In the 17th and 18th century, the urban crafts were more flourished and powerful compared to traditional crafts.
a. They were asked to produce products for the international market. But their products were not able to compete with urban crafts and guilds.
b. Urban guilds were granted a monopoly right to produce and trade in specific products.
Hence they moved to the countryside and began to work for merchants.
The survey was conducted to find out the number of poor and the life expectancy of the people.
The result of the survey was:
a. one-fifth of the population of London was very poor.
b. These people had a life expectancy up to only 29 years.
c. He concluded that number of houses are needed to accommodate the poor.
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