Sugar mills concentrate in the southern and western states because:
1. Sugarcane- The canes of these areas have a higher sucrose content which makes the quality better and less common.
2. Climate- Since the climate in these areas is cooler, it ensures a longer crushing season for the producers.
3. Cooperatives- Sugarcane industry is a seasonal industry so it is generally done by cooperatives. Cooperatives in these areas are more successful.
Industries come up in the areas that have favourable conditions. Therefore, sugar mills have got concentrated in the southern and western states where apart from climate, crop, and cooperatives, more reasons are favourable like transport and labour.
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“The textile induSocial Science - Board Papers