Q. 18

Why is there a scarcity of water in our country?

Answer :

The water scarcity in India is mostly man-made. Some of the major reasons for water scarcity are:


(a) Excessive population growth and mismanagement of water resources. Inefficient use of water for agriculture.


(b) Traditional techniques of irrigation cause maximum water loss due to evaporation, drainage, percolation, water conveyance, and excess use of groundwater.


(c) Reduction in traditional water recharging areas. Rapid construction is ignoring traditional water bodies that have also acted as ground water recharging mechanism. We need to urgently revive traditional aquifers while implementing new ones.


(d) Lack of efficient water management and distribution of water between urban consumers, the agriculture sector, and industry


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