Why is the ‘emergency’ and the period around it known as the period of constitutional crisis? Explain.
Emergency is the situation of law and order, when the security and stability of the country is threatened by internal and external threats. There can be three types of emergency imposed:
a) When there is a war or external aggression has been committed or there is threat of the same, or if internal disturbances amounting to armed rebellion taking place.
b) When it becomes impossible for the government of a State to be carried on in accordance with the Constitution.
c) If the credit or financial stability of the country is threatened.
The Emergency and the period around it can be described as the period of constitutional crises because it had its origins in the constitutional battle over the jurisdiction of the Parliament and the judiciary.
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Examine the major changes that the country witnessed at the time of fourth general election in 1967.
Why is emergency considered to be one of the most controversial episodes in Indian politics? Analyse any three reasons.Political Science - Board Papers
Read the passage given below carefully and answer the following questions :
The Janata Party made the 1977 elections into a referendum on the Emergency. Its election campaign was focused on the non-democratic character of the Congress rule and on the various excesses that took place during this period. In the backdrop of arrests of thousands of persons and the censorship of the Press, the public opinion was against the Congress.
(a) What is meant by ‘referendum’?
(b) ‘‘Acts like arrests of thousands of persons and the censorship of the Press during the Emergency period were non-democratic.’’ Do you agree with the statement? Justify your answer with one suitable argument for/against each act.
(c) In spite of winning the 1977 elections with a thumping majority, why could the Janata Party remain in power only for a short period? Explain.Political Science - Board Papers
How did the Janata Party make the 1977 elections into a referendum of the emergency imposed in 1975? Explain.Political Science - Board Papers
Match the following in column ‘A’ with those in column ‘B’ in a meaningful way: 2
Column ‘A’ Column ‘B’
(i) Head of the commission of enquiry (a) Chowdhary Charan Singh
(ii) Deputy Prime Minister of India from 1967 to 1969 (b) jagjiwan Ram
(iii) Deputy Prime Minister of India from 1977 to 1979 (c) J C Shah
(iv) Union Minister of India from 1952 to 1977 (d) Morar ji DesaiPolitical Science - Board Papers
Examine the conditions responsible for the growth of Naxalite Movement in India. Suggest ways and means to crush it?Political Science - Board Papers
Analyze any one reason for the defeat of the Congress Party in 1977.Political Science - Board Papers
Match the following:
Political Science - Board Papers