Answer :

Conservation of mineral resources is essential since the total volume of workable mineral deposits is an insignificant fraction i.e. one per cent of the earth’s crust. We are rapidly consuming mineral resources that required millions of years to be created and concentrated.

The geological processes of mineral formation are so slow that the rates of replenishment are infinitely small in comparison to the present rates of consumption. Mineral resources are, therefore, finite and non-renewable.

Three methods of conserving mineral resources are-

1. Using mineral resources in a planned and sustainable manner.

2. Improved technologies need to allow use of low grade ores at low costs.

3. Recycling of metals, using scrap metals and other substitutes are steps in conserving our mineral resources for the future.

Explanation- Mineral resources are finite and non-renewable, hence their conservation is important if we want their prolonged use. Several methods have been devised to conserve mineral resources.

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