Answer :

Urban waste disposal is a serious problem in India. Unlike metropolitan cities like Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, etc., where about 90% of the solid waste is collected and disposed of properly, most other cities and towns of India has a gross inefficient waste management system. Over 30% to 50% of waste generated are left uncollected. This waste gets accumulated on streets, in open spaces between houses and in wastelands leading to serious health hazards.


Air pollution is defined as the addition of contaminants to the air in substantial proportion and duration that may be harmful to both flora and fauna (including Humans) as well as to property (for example, the famous Taj Mahal has turned yellow because of air pollution).

India, with a large and growing population of over 1.37 billion, has a huge dependence on fossil fuel for its energy requirements. Combustion of these fuel releases toxic gases into the atmosphere resulting in the pollution of air.

Additional Information: With a huge population, with a substantial percentage of poor and illiterate sections, switching to non-conventional and non-polluting sources of energy is a difficult task for India in the short-run.

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