Q. 8

Why India is called a federal country?

Answer :

• The Constitution declares India as a Union of States. It is based on the principles of federalism.


• The Constitution originally provided for a two-tier system of government, the Union government or Central government, representing the Union of India and the State governments.


• A third tier of ‘Panchayati Raj’ or local government was added.


• Th Constitution of India is the lengthiest and the bulkiest constitution in the world.


• The powers are split amongst the three pillars of democracy: the Legislature, the Executive, and the Judiciary.


• The Constitution provides for a bicameral legislature consisting of an Upper House (Rajya Sabha) and a Lower House (Lok Sabha).


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