Q. 2 C5.0( 2 Votes )

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Answer :

Ionization takes place due to the following reasons:

i. The atoms or molecules ionize to stabilize themselves.


ii. They stabilize themselves by giving and taking of electrons.


iii. For example:


Al has 3 electrons in the outermost shell (2,8,3). To stabilize (complete the shell) itself, aluminum try to loose 3 electrons.


As a result, it achieves 2,8 configurations (complete outermost shell)


iv. Another example is:


Lithium has 1 electron in the outermost shell (2,1). To stabilize (complete the shell) itself, lithium tries to loose 1 electron. As a result, it achieves 2 configurations (complete outermost shell)



v. If the outermost shell of an element is complete, the element will be highly stable.


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