Why does carbon form the compound mainly by covalent bonding?
Carbon forms the compound mainly by covalent bonding due to the following reasons below:
i. The electronic configuration of carbon is 2, 4.
ii. If four electrons are added to the second orbit of carbon, its octet becomes complete and its electronic configuration becomes stable like that of the nearest inert gas neon (2, 8).
iii. Therefore, the valency of carbon is 4. However, this occurs by sharing of electron rather than a give and take of electrons.
iv. That’s why a carbon atom can form four covalent bonds with other carbon atoms or atoms of different elements.
Rate this question :
Collect information about artificial ripening of fruits by ethylene.AP - Physics & Chemistry
Draw the electronic dot structure of ethane molecule (C2H6).AP - Physics & Chemistry
Explain the structure of graphite in ten of bonding and give one property based on this structure.AP - Physics & Chemistry
Allotropy is a property shown by which class substance element, compound, and mixtures? Explain allotropy with suitable examples.AP - Physics & Chemistry
Why does carbon form the compound mainly by covalent bonding?AP - Physics & Chemistry