Q. 13

Why do you think our national movement supported the idea that all adults have a right to vote?

Answer :

People from various community or group joined the freedom struggle against the British government. They demanded the freedom, equality and equal participation in decision making. People were not allowed to speak against or criticise the British government. When the national struggle was started, people started demanding their rights and also criticised the government. This started with the Indian National Congress in 1885 their right to have elected members in the legislature and also should be granted right to discuss the budget and ask questions. So, The Government of India Act 1909 allowed elected representation. This was done by the British government to shut the growing demand of the Nationalists and not allowing all the adults to participate in the decision making or to vote.

When India became independent on 15 August 1947, the nationalists were aware that the government cannot do whatever they want to and they have to make decisions according to people’s needs and demands. Thus, the unity and the principles which made Indians come together to fight against the colonial rule had a need to be included in the Constitution of independent India. So the principle of the universal adult franchise was implemented giving all the adults the right to vote as the citizens of the country.


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