Q. 154.1( 13 Votes )
Why did the Tsarist autocracy collapse �n 1917?
The Tsarist autocracy collapsed in 1917 due to social, economic and political reasons
Social reasons The First World War resulted in the shocking defeat of the Russian army.
There were over 7 million casualties and 3 million refugees by 1917. The rest of the population became hostile to the Tsar.
Economic reasons Due to participation of able-bodied men in the war, there was labour shortages which led to the shutdown of small factories.
For the people in cities, bread and flour became expensive and scarce. These conditions made the people very dissatisfied with the policies of the Tsar.
Political reasons Tsar Nicholas II was an autocratic, inefficient and weak ruler who believed in the divine rights of the king. Special rights and privileges were provided to the bureaucrats whereas the general public got none. All these factors led to discredit of the government and brought about the end of Tsarist autocracy.
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What were the social, economic and political conditions in Russia before 1905?NCERT History - India and the Contemporary World-I