Q. 104.6( 16 Votes )

Why did the Indian iron smelting industry decline in the nineteenth century?

Answer :

The Indian iron smelting industry declined in the nineteenth century for the following reasons-

• The Britishers implemented the forest laws that’s why people couldn’t move freely in the forests.


• An essential ingredient in the iron smelting process could not be obtained easily i.e; charcoal.


• In some areas where the government had given the right to enter in reserved forests, for that person had to pay a high amount of tax for every furnace.


• By the late 19th century, iron and steel were imported from Britain. This reduced the demand for iron produced by local smelters.


• A series of famine devastated the dry tracts of India in the late 19th century. Many people left their villages and migrated to other areas.


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