Q. 104.6( 16 Votes )
Why did the Indian iron smelting industry decline in the nineteenth century?
The Indian iron smelting industry declined in the nineteenth century for the following reasons-
• The Britishers implemented the forest laws that’s why people couldn’t move freely in the forests.
• An essential ingredient in the iron smelting process could not be obtained easily i.e; charcoal.
• In some areas where the government had given the right to enter in reserved forests, for that person had to pay a high amount of tax for every furnace.
• By the late 19th century, iron and steel were imported from Britain. This reduced the demand for iron produced by local smelters.
• A series of famine devastated the dry tracts of India in the late 19th century. Many people left their villages and migrated to other areas.
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