Q. 25.0( 3 Votes )
Why did Malthus believe that catastrophic events like famines and epidemics that cause mass deaths were inevitable?
Malthus believed that population growth is always faster than the growth in agricultural production as well as the production of other resources. So, the population growth overtakes the growth in other resources. Therefore, the only way to increase for prosperity is controlling population growth.
The human beings have limited ability to voluntarily reduce the population growth, so he believed that the positive checks to population growth in form of famines and diseases are the nature's way to deal with the imbalance between food supply and increasing population.
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Data from the National Sample Survey studies of 1999-2000 and from the 2001 Census of India reveal a sharp fall in the rate of employment generation (creation of new jobs) across both rural and urban areas. This is true for the young as well. The rate of growth of employment in the 15-30 age group, which stood at around 2.4 per cent a year between 1987 and 1994 for both rural and urban men, fell to 0.7 for rural men and 0.3 per cent for urban men during 1994 to 2004. This suggests that the advantage offered by a young labour force is not being exploited. Strategies exist to exploit the demographic window of opportunity that India has today. But India’s recent experience suggests that market forces by themselves do not ensure that such strategies would be implemented. Unless a way forward is found, we may miss out on the potential benefits that the country’s changing age structure temporarily offers.
(a) What is demographic dividend?
(b) Do you think that India is indeed facing a window of opportunity created by demographic dividend?Sociology - Board Papers
The Family Planning Programme suffered a setback during the years of national emergency. Justify the statement.Sociology - Board Papers
How does India benefit from a demographic dividend?
State the importance of demographic data.
Sociology - Board Papers