1. The Salt March started by Gandhiji from Sabarmati Ashram to the coast of Dandi marked the beginning of the Civil Disobedience Movement. Thousands of people in different parts of the country broke the salt law, manufactured salt and demonstrated in front of government salt factories.
2. The foreign cloth was boycotted; liquor shops were picketed as the movement spread. The peasants refused to pay the revenue and chaukidari taxes, village officials resigned and the forest laws were violated in many places – people entered the forests to collect wood and graze cattle.
3. Such developments made the colonial government adopt repressive measures. Congress leaders were arrested one by one which resulted in violent clashes. For example – When Abdul Ghaffar Khan was arrested in April 1939, angry crowds demonstrated in the streets of Peshawar which was followed by police firing, leading to many deaths.
4. When Mahatma Gandhi himself was arrested, industrial workers in Sholapur attacked police posts, municipal buildings, law courts, and railway stations – all structures that symbolized British rule.
5. Further, the government responded by attacking peaceful satyagrahis. Women and children were beaten and about 100,000 people were arrested.
As the situation continued to turn violent from both sides, Mahatma Gandhi decided to call off the movement.
NOTE – The Civil Disobedience was launched to bring together people of different classes under the united banner of freedom’s struggle. The violence that broke out after the launch of the Civil Disobedience Movement was responsible for Mahatma Gandhi calling of the movement. Thereafter, Gandhiji entered into a pact with Irwin and the government agreed to release the political prisoners.
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