Q. 224.4( 70 Votes )

Why did Europeans

Answer :

● Until the 19th Century, poverty and hunger had spread in Europe.

● The cities became crowded and diseases became widespread.

● Religious conflicts were common and the religious dissenters were persecuted.

● The Europeans fled from Europe to America.

● In America, the plantations worked by slaves captured in Africa were growing cotton and sugar for the European markets.


● The Merchants began to move from the towns in Europe to the countryside.

● They supplied money to the peasants and artisans and persuaded them to produce for the international market.

● With the expansion of the World Trade and acquisition of the colonies in different parts of the world lead to an increase in the demand for goods.

● The merchants could not expand production within the towns because of the urban crafts and trade guilds very powerful here.

● These were associations of producers that trained craftspeople, maintain control over production, regulated prices, and competition, and respected the entry of new people into the trade.

● It was difficult for new merchants to set up their business, so they moved to the countryside.

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