Q. 224.4( 70 Votes )
Why did Europeans
● Until the 19th Century, poverty and hunger had spread in Europe.
● The cities became crowded and diseases became widespread.
● Religious conflicts were common and the religious dissenters were persecuted.
● The Europeans fled from Europe to America.
● In America, the plantations worked by slaves captured in Africa were growing cotton and sugar for the European markets.
● The Merchants began to move from the towns in Europe to the countryside.
● They supplied money to the peasants and artisans and persuaded them to produce for the international market.
● With the expansion of the World Trade and acquisition of the colonies in different parts of the world lead to an increase in the demand for goods.
● The merchants could not expand production within the towns because of the urban crafts and trade guilds very powerful here.
● These were associations of producers that trained craftspeople, maintain control over production, regulated prices, and competition, and respected the entry of new people into the trade.
● It was difficult for new merchants to set up their business, so they moved to the countryside.
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