Q. 84.0( 99 Votes )
Why are women employed in low paid work?
Following reasons are responsible for the low paid employment of women:
1. Higher education is required for more pay but socially males are prioritized in education on regular basis on the other side females are educated on an irregular basis sometimes not that too.
2. There are a few places where men are put at top priority because of being a male-dominated world. Women are kept inside the house due to which training and skill can’t be gained by them which is the requirement for responsible and well-paid employment opportunities.
3. There are few works which need more physical strength but women are considered physically weak and thus are paid less even for the same number of hours worked.
4. Women are often burdened with the added responsibility for the household chores which makes them an uncertain resource. Due to this, the employers tend to pay them lesser than the males.
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Say whether these activities are economic or non-economic activities.
- Vilas sells the fish in the village market.
- Vilas cooks food for his family.
- Sakal works in the private firm.
- Sakal looks after his younger brother and sister.NCERT - Economics
Count the number of boys and girls studying in your school in your neighboring coeducation school.
Ask the school administration to provide you with the data of boys and girls studying in your class below 5 years and 10 years. Study the difference any and explain it in the class.NCERT - Economics
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Health infrastructure over the years
SC: Sub Centre, PHC: Primary Health Centre, CHC: Community Health Centre. Source: National Health Policy
1. What is the percentage increase in dispensaries and hospitals from 2010 to 2013?
2. What is the percentage increase in doctors and nursing personnel from 2010 to 2013?
3. Do you think the increase in the number of doctors and nurses is adequate for India? If not, why?
4. What other facilities would you like to provide in a hospital?
5. Discuss about the hospital you have visited.NCERT - Economics
Why are women employed in low paid work?NCERT - Economics
Read the following passages and answer the questions that follow:
Story of Sakal
There were two friends named Vilas and Sakal. They both lived in the same village named Semapur. Sakal was twelve years old boy and his mother Sheela looked after domestic works. His father name was Buta Chaudhary, who worked in an agricultural field. Sakal used to help his mother in domestic works and besides helping his mother he looked after his younger siblings Jeetu and Seetu. His uncle had passed matriculation but he had no job he sat idle at home. So Sakal’s mother and father wanted him to study very carefully. They forced him to join the school in the village and he joined. As per his parents’ wish he started studying and completed his higher secondary examination, after this his father persuaded him to continue his studies. He applied for a loan for Sakal’s study in computer. He was very hardworking and interested in studies from the very beginning. So as his higher secondary examination he completed his vocational course and got a job in a private firm. He designed new kind of softwares which helped him to increase the sale of the firm. He was appreciated by his boss all the time and got promotion.
Story of Vilas
Vilas was a boy of eleven years living in the same village as Sakal. His father was a fisherman. Suddenly, his father passed away when Vilas was only two years old. After his father’s death his mother Geeta started selling fish to earn and to feed the family. She bought fish from the landowner’s pond and sold it in the nearby mandi, by which she could earn only Rs. 20 to 30 a day. Vilas became a patient of arthritis and his mother could not afford to take him to a doctor because of their poverty. Because of being the patient he could not go to school and was not interested in studied as his friend Sakal was. He used to help his mother in cooking and also looked after his younger brother Mohan. One day his mother fell ill and there was no one to look after her, there was no one to support them. So in this situation Vilas was forced to sell fish in the same village as his parents did. Like his mother and father he earned very little money.
Do you notice any difference between the two friends? What are these?
NCERT - Economics