Answer :

The location of industries is determined by various factors like the availability of raw materials, markets, labor, power and electricity and so on. The location of strategic and heavy industries such as the iron and steel industry is very important for the functioning of the economy. The factors determining the location of the industries can be explained by-


Raw materials- The basic raw materials required in the industry are scrap iron ore, coal, and limestone. The industries will be located in areas where these materials are available.


Energy- Iron and steel industry is related mostly to the resources of coal. Thus it is located in places where coal reserves and electricity is abundantly available.


Transportation- Transportation facilities are very important for the functioning of any industry. Since the bulk materials are to be transported to other places, the industry is located in the points where transportation facilities are available.


Labor- The industry is located in places where the skilled, unskilled and technically qualified labor force is available.


Water- It is mainly required for the manufacture, processing, cooling, and cleaning of the plants used in production.


Market- The industry is located nearer to the availability of markets for the commodity. It also makes the transportation of the commodity easier.


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